RECAP: FY18-FY19 STATE OPERATING BUDGET (HB49)
Summary of OAAE report by Joan Platz (click here to read the full report.)
The Ohio General Assembly approved the FY18-FY19 state operating budget, Am. Sub. HB49 (R. Smith), on June 27, 2017 and Governor Kasich signed it into law on June 30, 2017.
A Look at the Numbers
The state’s biennial budget includes over $132 billion in overall spending, including $65 billion for the General Revenue Fund.
Ohio Arts Council: The approved biennial budget provides the Ohio Arts Council (OAC) with General Revenue Fund (GRF) appropriations of $14.653 million in FY18 and in FY19. This amount is a little less than the level of spending in FY17 of $14.935 million. Appropriations for the OAC All Funds account are unchanged at $16.453 million in both fiscal years.
Ohio Department of Education: GRF appropriations for the Ohio Department of Education (ODE) total $7.987 billion in FY18 and $8.117 billion in FY19. This amount is more than the level of ODE spending in FY17 of $7.873 billion.
Appropriations for the ODE’s All Funds account total $11.167 billion in FY18 and $11.319 billion in FY19. This amount is more than FY17 spending of $10.956 billion. The All Funds account includes $4.3 billion from the federal government; $2.78 billion in redistributed funds; and $2.22 billion in lottery profits.
Ohio School Districts: Estimated total funding for school districts increases from $8.003 billion in FY17 to $8.075 billion in FY18 and to $8.165 billion in FY19. The change in total state funding among school districts between FY17 and FY18 is $76.8 million (0.9 percent), and $86 million (1.1 percent) between FY18 and FY19.
One of the major expenses for school districts is the cost of transportation. State funding for transportation was cut from $592.3 million in FY17 to $546 million in FY18 (-7.69 percent) and reduced again to $527 million in FY19 (-3.59 percent). The budget also modifies the pupil transportation formula by decreasing the minimum state share applied to a district’s calculated transportation cost from 50 percent in FY17 to 37.5 percent in FY18 and 25 percent in FY19.
The following are a few of the major education policies included in HB49:
- Maintains the structure of the existing school funding formula and the nine aid categories used in the existing formula: the core opportunity grant, targeted assistance, K-3 literacy funding, economically disadvantaged aid, limited English proficiency funding, gifted funding, transportation aid, special education aid, and career-technical education funding.
- Specifies a formula amount of $6,010 in FY18 and $6,020 in FY19. The House had increased the formula amount to $6,020 in both years. Generally maintains FY17 amounts for the categorical payments.
- Elimination of statewide fourth and sixth grade social studies end-of-year assessments, but requires each school district to teach and assess social studies in at least the fourth and sixth grades. In addition, school districts no longer have to provide prevention/intervention services to students who score below the proficient level in social studies.
- Establishes an OhioMeansJobs readiness seal for students to earn on their diplomas as well as appropriates up to $450,000 each year for the Teach for America program.
OHIO LEGISLATIVE UPDATE
Senate Education Committee (Chair: Lehner)
The committee heard testimony on the following bills last week:
- Proponent testimony on HB170 Under the bill, the State Board of Education would create academic content standards and a model curriculum for computer science. The legislation adds computer science instruction as an option in lieu of certain elective, science and math subjects, including Algebra II as well as addresses educator qualifications for teaching computer science.
- Proponent testimony on SB105 This legislation would designate the month of October as Ohio Principals Month. Sponsor Senator Charleta B. Tavares indicated the measure “will honor the service of all elementary, middle, and high school principals and will recognize the importance of school leadership in ensuring that every child has access to a high-quality education.”
- Proponent testimony on SB39 In an effort to bring increased accountability to community and online schools, SB39 would require regular reporting on student participation as well as notification to parents when students are not participating.
House Task Force on Education and Poverty (Chair: Cupp)
The Speaker’s Task Force on Education and Poverty heard presentations on Ohio’s economically disadvantaged students from State Superintendent of Public Instruction Paolo DeMaria and Ohio Education Policy Institute consultant Howard Fleeter. According to the Department of Education data from last school year, more than half of Ohio students were considered economically disadvantaged and were less likely to score proficient on state exams. However there are Ohio schools that have both a high concentration of disadvantaged students and are among the highest performers in the state, but there is no one-size-fits-all formula to model. “As public policy makers, we so much crave that magic bullet,” DeMaria said. “We have to understand that that does not work because every organization, every one of those 3,200 (school buildings) has a different underlying dynamic, both in terms of the community in which they exist, the students they serve, the teachers that have been assembled, the leadership that they have, their history and what have you. That doesn’t mean that there are some that can’t succeed and others than can, but it means that in every case, there are going to be different things that are likely to work.”
The House Task Force on Education and Poverty was created in March of 2017 to examine the issue of poverty and education and to generate information for use by members of the General Assembly in their deliberations on education policy.
NEWLY INTRODUCED LEGISLATION
SB197 BULLYING (Williams, S.)
To require a tiered disciplinary procedure for harassment, intimidation, or bullying in school; to require annual student instruction about preventing such acts; and to create the offense of aggravated bullying as a third-degree misdemeanor.
HB360 BULLYING (Greenspan, D.)
To enact the “Ohio Anti-Bullying and Hazing Act” with regard to school discipline and bullying and hazing policies at public schools and public colleges.
Cleveland Plain Dealer: School bullies would face mandatory suspensions under two bills in Ohio legislature
“Schools need to stop ignoring bullying and take real action to stop it, say two local state legislators who have proposed separate new laws to curb the bad behavior. State Sen. Sandra Williams, a Cleveland Democrat, and State Rep. Dave Greenspan, a Westlake Republican, have different approaches to their bills. But both say they have had relatives bullied at schools and seen schools do little to stop it or punish the bullies.”
NEWS AROUND OHIO
Columbus Dispatch: Future Ohio schools will be flexible and personal, education leaders say
“Schools of the future might not look like The Jetsons, but they will be different, said two local education leaders on Wednesday. Ideally, those institutions will be more flexible and personalized to the children’s needs, and they will work more closely with businesses and the community. State Superintendent Paolo DeMaria and Annalies Corbin, president of the Columbus-based nonprofit PAST Foundation, talked about where education is headed at a lunch hosted by the Columbus Metropolitan Club.”
Associated Press: Trump Directs Ed Secretary to Prioritize Computer Science
“President Donald Trump directed his education secretary to prioritize science and technology education and spend at least $200 million annually on competitive grants so schools can broaden access to computer science education in particular.”
“Many of the country’s largest tech companies, including Amazon, Facebook, Google, Microsoft and Salesforce, on Tuesday pledged a total of $300 million for computer science education, part of a partnership with the Trump administration meant to prepare students for careers in technology.”
Arts On Line keeps arts education advocates informed about issues dealing with the arts, education, policy, research, and opportunities.
The distribution of this information is made possible through the generous support of the Ohio Music Education Association (www.omea-ohio.org), Ohio Art Education Association (www.oaea.org), Ohio Educational Theatre Association (www.ohedta.org); OhioDance (www.ohiodance.org), and the Ohio Alliance for Arts Education (www.oaae.net).
This update is written weekly by Andrea Kruse, OAAE’s Research and Information Coordinator.