Ohio Alliance for Arts Education
Arts on Line Education Update
January 30, 2017
132nd GENERAL ASSEMBLY
This Week at the Statehouse: The House and the Senate will hold sessions and committee meetings this week.
The House Finance Committee, chaired by Representative Ryan Smith, will begin hearings on Governor Kasich’s FY18-19 budget on February 1, 2017 at 1:00 PM in the House Finance Hearing Room 313 with testimony from Tim Keen, the director of the Office of Budget and Management, and the Legislative Service Commission. The budget is expected to be introduced this week, and, according to The Columbus Dispatch, will include a 1 percent increase ($200 million) for K-12 education.
On February 2, 2017 the House Finance Committee will receive testimony from the Ohio Department of Transportation, the Department of Public Safety, and the Ohio Turnpike and Infrastructure Commission on proposed budgets for those agencies.
See “Kasich: New budget has little to give education,” by Randy Ludlow, The Columbus Dispatch, January 25, 2017 at http://www.dispatch.com/news/20170124/kasich-budget-can-handle-only-1-school-funding-increases
Ohio Senate Adds New Member: Steve Wilson (R-Maineville) took the oath of office on January 25, 2017 to become the newest member of the Ohio Senate representing the 7th District. He replaces former Senator Shannon Jones, who was elected to the Warren County Commission.
JEOC Meets: The Joint Education Oversight Committee (JEOC) met on January 25, 2017 and selected Representative Bob Cupp (R-Lima) as its chair and Senator Vern Sykes (D-Akron) as vice-chair. Other committee members include Senators Cliff Hite (R-Findley), Matt Huffman (R-Lima), Peggy Lehner (R-Kettering), and Sandra Williams (D-Cleveland), and Representatives Andrew Brenner (R-Powell), Teresa Fedor (D-Toledo), John Patterson (D-Jefferson), and Ryan Smith (R-Gallipolis.)
The JEOC was created by the 131st General Assembly (HB64 – Smith) to review education policies and make recommendations to the General Assembly.
During the 131st General Assembly the committee spent several meetings reviewing school transportation issues.
Hearings this session are expected to focus on the Ohio Department of Education’s (ODE) draft plan to implement the federal Every Student Succeeds Act (ESEA).
ESSA Accountability Rule Will Be Delayed: The Trump administration is delaying an accountability rule under Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA) developed by the U.S. Department of Education under the Obama administration.
The rule was to take effect on January 30, 2017, but has been delayed until March 21, 2017.
Stakeholders and members of Congress had expressed concerns about the original accountability rule and the short amount of time states had to develop their ESSA plans. The new accountability rule was released in November 2016 addressing those concerns, and provided states with more flexibility.
The new rule clarified certain accountability requirements under ESSA, including the summative rating, school improvement models, the 95 percent testing requirement, etc. The rule also extended the deadlines for states to submit their ESSA plans to the U.S. Department of Education for approval to April 2017 and September 2017.
It is unclear, now, how the delay in the implementation of the rule will affect state ESSA plans. According to Education Week, many states are basing their ESSA plans on the law, rather than the rule, and so the delay might not have any effect. Ohio and 16 other states have already announced that they will submit their plans by the first deadline, which is April 3, 2017.
See “Trump’s Pause on ESSA Regs Unlikely to Affect State Timelines, Officials Say,” by Daarel Burnette, Education Week, Janaury 24, 2017 at http://blogs.edweek.org/edweek/state_edwatch/2017/01/trumps_pause_on_essa_accountability_regulations_to.html?utm_source=feedblitz&utm_medium=FeedBlitzRss&utm_campaign=stateedwatch
See “At least 17 States Plan to Turn in ESSA Plans in April,” by Daarel Burnette, Education Week, January 13, 2017 at http://blogs.edweek.org/edweek/state_edwatch/2017/01/at_least_14_states_plans_to_turn_in_essa_plans_in_april.html?utm_source=feedblitz&utm_medium=FeedBlitzRss&utm_campaign=stateedwatch
Policy Matters Ohio Offers Budget Recommendations: Policy Matters Ohio responded on January 27, 2017 to Governor Kasich’s recent comments about the upcoming FY18-19 budget being “tight” by recommending that the governor include “public investments” that will “position Ohio for a brighter future and ensure that all of our neighbors have the basics.”
The brief is entitled “Investment Budget for a Better Ohio,” and suggests that Ohio’s lower than expected revenue growth is the direct result of “billions of dollars” in tax cuts, wasteful tax breaks, and an inefficient tax system. The brief recommends that Governor Kasich include in his FY18-19 state budget proposal the following to restore key programs and resources to help Ohio recover:
Education: Expand public pre-K; raise eligibility in public childcare; and increase state reimbursements in both. “More kids need pre-school, more families need help with the high cost of childcare, and the rates paid for these services are too low – quality suffers as a result. We need to invest in our children.” Doubling the publicly funded preschool program to serve 36,880 children will cost $93 million.
”Provide fully-funded, tuition free full day kindergarten for all of Ohio’s kids – to help make sure they all learn to read by third grade.” Not all Ohio students have access to publicly funded full day kindergarten. Some school districts charge tuition for a full-day program. Expanding full day kindergarten will ensure that all Ohio students have access to a rigorous standards-based curriculum in math and reading to achieve at higher levels.
Hire back the thousands of art, music, and gym teachers and school counselors and librarians. Ohio’s schools have eliminated 3,200 librarians, art, music and gym teachers and school counselors since 2005. The cost to restore these positions is $187 million a year, and would align with the goals of the federal Every Student Succeeds Act for all students to have access to a well-rounded education and services that support a positive school environment.
Fund charter schools directly rather than as a deduction from local school district accounts. Policy Matters estimates that this would cost the state $270 million a year, but would eliminate a possibly unconstitutional policy that directs some local revenue to charter schools without voter approval.
”Restore the Ohio College Opportunity Grant to $250 million a year, the level recommended by a task force convened during the Taft’s administration.” State support for higher education is $500 million a year lower than 10 years ago. “About $90 million a year in additional funding is needed for the State Share of Instruction just to support current services and help curtail tuition increases.”
Public Transportation: Address the demand for public transportation. A $75 million “Transportation Innovation” fund, made up of primarily of federal funds, could help meet the demand for public transit.
Health: Expand treatment facilities to address the drug epidemic and the mental health needs across the state.
Food Security: Fully fund the Ohio Association of Foodbanks, which supports hunger relief in parts of the state where plants have closed, people have low paying jobs, or there are few jobs.
Housing: ”Restore Ohio’s Housing Trust Fund, the primary source of state aid for affordable housing and homeless shelters, to pre-recession level of funding, with an increase of at least $15 million a year.”
Local Government: Restore the local government fund to 3.68 percent of the general revenue fund, and ensure that counties and transit agencies do not lose revenues as the Managed Care Organization (MCO) tax is made compliant with federal law.
Childrens Services: ”Restore funding to Ohio’s children’s services agencies, which have lost local levy funding through loss of tax reimbursements, and funding in the state budget as well.” According to Policy Matters, Ohio provides less support to children’s services than any other state, and with the phase-out of tax reimbursements for the tangible personal property tax, children’s services agencies are $12 million poorer in 2018 than in 2014, when adjusted for inflation.
See “Investment Budget for A Better Ohio,” by Wendy Patton, Policy Matters Ohio, January 24, 2017 at http://www.policymattersohio.org/investment-budget-jan17
ODE Announces Informational Meetings About Gifted Standards: The Ohio Department of Education (ODE) will host the following four regional meetings in March 2017 to review the new operating standards for gifted education, which were adopted by the State Board of Education in December 2016.
– Wednesday, March 8, 2017 – South Region, Ross-Pike ESC, contact Barb Anderson at firstname.lastname@example.org.
– Friday, March 10, 2017 – North Region, Mid-Ohio ESC, contact Lindsay Lantz at email@example.com.
– Friday, March 17, 2017 – West Region, Lima Holiday Inn & Suites, contact Brian Billings at firstname.lastname@example.org.
– Friday, March 24, 2017 – East Region, Guernsey County Library-Crossroads Branch, contact Penny Boggs at email@example.com.
ODE Announces SIGs: The ODE announced on January 26, 2017 the 51 recipients of $16.3 million in School Improvement Grants (SIGs) made possible by a federal grant awarded to Ohio by the U.S. Department of Education in October 2016.
These competitive grants for schools will be used to help increase the achievement of students in persistently low performing schools through implementation of federally approved school improvement models.
Grants are awarded for either four-and-a-half-years beginning in January of 2017, or a three-years beginning in July 2018.
The ODE awarded the grants to schools in Cleveland, Dayton, and Columbus, and several charter schools. To see the list of schools receiving grants visit http://education.ohio.gov/Media/Media-Releases/School-Improvement-Grants-Awarded-to-Ohio-Schools#.WIz_nBiZPOY
Report Reviews State School Funding Changes Over Time: Dr. Howard Fleeter from the Ohio Education Policy Institute issued last week a report entitled “Changes in Ohio School Funding and TPP Replacement Since the FY10-11 Biennium.”
The report summarizes changes in Ohio’s K-12 public school foundation formula payments and Tangible Personal Property (TPP) replacement payments from FY10 through January 2017. These payments are the two primary sources of general purpose state funding provided to Ohio’s 610 K-12 school districts.
According to the report, while state school foundation formula funding has increased each year since 2013, the reduction in TPP replacement payments reduced the impact of the formula increases until FY16, when the formula increases finally offset the loss in TPP replacement payments.
The total of foundation formula payments plus TPP payments is higher than it was in FY11, but the net increase (5.8 percent) is only slightly more than half of the inflation rate (10.7 percent) between 2010 – 2016. Furthermore, not every school district has more total state aid than they did in FY11.
According to the report, Total Foundation Aid and TPP Replacement Payments were -$7.919 billion in FY10
-decreased to $7.90 billion in FY11
-decreased again to $7.28 billion in FY12
-decreased to $7.09 billion in FY13
-increased to $7.3 billion in FY14
-increased to $7.8 billion in FY15 and close to FY11 levels
-increased to $8.15 billion in FY16
-increased to $8.37 billion in FY17.
The report provides clear and accurate information about the status and trends in state funding for K-12 schools as state lawmakers begin the FY18-19 budget process, which, by the end of June, will establish new funding levels for K-12 education along with a host of new education policies.
National Report Card on School Funding Released: Researchers at the Education Law Center and Rutgers University released on January 25, 2017 the 6th edition of the National Report Card (NRC) on state finance systems for K-12 education.
While the NRC evaluates and compares four interrelated state school finance measures for each state, the report does not evaluate the adequacy and equity of state school funding systems. Therefore, “…high grades or rankings are not indicative of having met some obligation or having outperformed expectations. They simply demonstrate that some states are doing better than others; it does not mean there is no room for improvement.”
The following are the four interrelated state school finance measures analyzed in the report:
- Funding Level: The average predicted state and local funding level is based on a model that controls certain variables, such as student poverty, regional wage variation, school district size and density. This measure is based on data from 2014.
- Funding Distribution: This measure distinguishes between state school funding systems that recognize that students in high poverty school districts need more resources than students in low poverty school districts.
- Effort or Capacity Index: The Effort Index is defined as the ratio of state spending to gross state product (GSP).
- Coverage: This measure includes the proportion of school-aged children attending the state’s public schools as compared to private schools, and the nonpublic/public income ratio, which measures the degree of economic disparity between households in the public and nonpublic systems.
The following are some of the major findings of the report this year:
- There are still wide disparities among states in per pupil funding levels, ranging from a high of $18,165 per pupil in New York to a low of $5,838 per pupil in Idaho, when adjusted for regional differences.
- The lowest funded states, including Arizona, Idaho, Nevada, North Carolina, and Texas, allocate a very low percentage of their state’s economic capacity (Effort Index) to fund public education.
- There has been an increase in the number of states (14 to 21) that have regressive school funding systems, which provide less funding to school districts with higher concentrations of low-income students.
- The states of Delaware, Minnesota, New Jersey, and Massachusetts provide schools with high levels of funding per student, and also provide more funding to districts with high poverty levels.
- States with low rankings on the school funding fairness measures also provide less access to early childhood education, provide non-competitive wages for teachers, and have higher pupil to teacher ratios.
- Most states “…..are still providing less funding for K-12 education, despite the economic recovery from the Great Recession. While total GSP has rebounded to 2008 levels or higher in most states, 18 states actually spent less on K-12 education, and the Effort Index remains below 2008 in all but four states.”
Findings for Ohio: Ohio’s grades and rankings on three of the measures were higher compared to most other states, but Ohio is losing ground on the important Effort Index, and has a high percent of students attending nonpublic schools. This could mean that in the future there will be less political will to support K-12 education at the state and local levels.
- Funding Level: The predicted average state funding level for Ohio for 2014 was $10,935 per pupil, giving Ohio a rank of 16 among the states. New York, New Jersey, and Connecticut had the highest predicted funding levels per pupil, while Arizona, Utah, and Idaho had the lowest predicted average state funding level.
- Distribution: In terms of the distribution of state funding per pupil in 2014 to compensate for the effects of poverty, Ohio earned an “A” and ranked 4th. Delaware, Utah, and Minnesota ranked higher. Ohio is considered a progressive state in terms of this measure, and provides more state funding to school districts with higher levels of poverty.
- Effort Index: Ohio earned a “B” (3.8 percent) on the Effort Index, which provides information about combined state and local spending priorities for K-12 education compared to the economic capacity of the state or gross state product. This measure is based on 2013 data. Vermont earned the highest score of 5.3 percent, while Hawaii earned the lowest score of 2.5 percent.
However, between 2008 – 2013 Ohio’s Effort Index dropped by 12 percent, and dropped 9 percent between 2012-2013, meaning that state and local spending in Ohio is not keeping pace with the state’s economic productivity.
- Coverage: Ohio has a lower public school participation rate of 85 percent compared to other states, and a nonpublic/public income ratio of 132 percent, which shows a high degree of economic disparity between households with children in the public and nonpublic systems.
According to the report, this measure is important because the “…proportion of students enrolled in public schools affects the level of financial support necessary for public education.” Poverty becomes concentrated and more resources are needed when fewer students from wealthy households attend public schools, and public schools lose political power when a large percent of families opt out of public education.
The states with the lowest participation rates in public schools are Hawai’i and Louisiana at 81 percent. Utah has the highest participation rate of 93 percent.
See “Is School Funding Fair? A National Report Card by Bruce Baker, Danielle Farrie, Monete Johnson, Theresa Luhm, and David G. Sciarra, Education Law Center and Rutgers Graduate School of Education, January 25, 2017 at http://www.schoolfundingfairness.org
Governor’s Awards for the Arts Winners Announced: The Ohio Arts Council and the Ohio Citizens for the Arts Foundation announced on January 24, 2017 the following recipients of the 2017 Governor’s Awards for the Arts.
Arts Administration – Raymond Bobgan, Cleveland
Arts Education – Jim McCutcheon, Dayton
Arts Education – Students Motivated by the Arts (SMARTS), Youngstown
Arts Patron – Puffin Foundation West, LTD, Columbus
Business Support of the Arts (Large) – Promedica, Toledo
Business Support of the Arts (Small) – Peoples Bank, Marietta
Community Development and Participation – Linda Stone, MD, Columbus
Individual Artist – C.F. Payne, Lebanon
Irma Lazarus Award – Procter & Gamble, Cincinnati
The recipients will be honored at the annual Award Ceremony and Luncheon on May 17, 2017 at the Columbus Athenaeum, which is held in conjunction with other arts advocacy events as part of Arts Day. The winners will receive an original work of art by textile artist and 2016 Governor’s Award winner Janice Lessman-Moss.
Sign the Petition: The Americans for the Arts Action Fund is asking arts advocates to sign a petition asking President Trump to preserve federal funding for the National Endowment for the Arts (NEA), National Endowment for the Humanities (NIH), and the Corporation for Public Broadcasting.
The Hill newspaper reported last week that the Trump administration will eliminate federal funding for the NEA and NIH, and seek to privatize the Corporation for Public Broadcasting in its FY2018 federal budget proposal. The budget proposal is expected to be introduced at the end of February 2017.
Americans for the Arts has created a Rapid Response Team to coordinate the petition drive and grassroots advocacy, social media, and advertising campaign.
Advocates will also have an opportunity to advocate for the arts during the 30th Annual Arts Advocacy Day, which will be held on March 20–21, 2017 in Washington, D.C. As one of the scheduled events, Darren Walker, President of the Ford Foundation, will give the 30th Annual Nancy Hanks Lecture on Arts and Public Policy on March 20, 2017 at the John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts.
Sign the petition at http://artsactionfund.org/page/s/join-the-movement-to-save-the-nea
Register for Arts Advocacy Day at http://www.americansforthearts.org/events/arts-advocacy-day/register
Arts On Line keeps arts education advocates informed about issues dealing with the arts, education, policy, research, and opportunities.
The distribution of this information is made possible through the generous support of the Ohio Music Education Association (www.omea-ohio.org), Ohio Art Education Association (www.oaea.org), Ohio Educational Theatre Association (www.ohedta.org); OhioDance (www.ohiodance.org), and the Ohio Alliance for Arts Education (www.oaae.net).