Update on HB59 (Amstutz) Appropriations for FY14-15: The Senate passed Am. Sub. HB59 (Amstutz) Appropriations for FY14-15 on June 6, 2013 along party lines. The $61.7 billion budget bill was amended twice by the Senate Finance Committee and then the Senate, adding more money for K-12 education compared to the House and executive versions of HB59, but does not include an executive provision to expand Medicaid for uninsured Ohioans, or provide additional state funds for local governments. More information about the Senate version of HB59 is included below.
Third Grade Reading Guarantee: Governor Kasich signed SB 21 (Lehner) Third-grade Reading Guarantee on June 4, 2013. The Third Grade Reading Guarantee was enacted by the 129th General Assembly in SB316 and amended later in HB555. SB21 addresses concerns raised by educators after the law was approved last year, including a provision that severely limits the number of teachers who would be qualified in Ohio to provide intervention services to students who are not reading on grade level.
Ohio’s School Funding System Still Unconstitutional: The Columbus Dispatch reported on June 3, 2013 an interview in which Ohio Supreme Court Chief Justice Maureen O’Connor expressed her belief that Ohio’s system of funding public schools is not compliant with the DeRolph court decisions issued by the Ohio Supreme Court. According to the Dispatch, “The Ohio Supreme Court Chief Justice Maureen O’Connor says state lawmakers have failed to fix the way public schools are financed since the high court in 2002 issued its last of four rulings that the funding system was unconstitutional.” The Chief Justice was speaking to the Dispatch Editorial Board about how lawmakers have responded to the DeRolph decisions. She believes that nothing has changed, and the system is still unconstitutional.
The article is available.
State Tax Revenues Up: The preliminary May 2013 revenue report released by the Office of Budget and Management, Tim Keen Director, shows that state revenue is now $735 million ahead of forecasts for FY13, which ends on June 30, 2013. More revenue than expected was collected from personal income tax and sales taxes. The personal income tax earned $8.6 billion for the fiscal year so far, which is about $520 million over estimates.
This is good news for House and Senate leaders, who expect a conference committee will be needed to work out the differences between the House and Senate versions of HB59 (Amstutz) Appropriations for FY14-15, and will be using the latest revenue estimates to determine FY14-15 allocations for HB59. Republican lawmakers and Governor Kasich are also discussing additional income tax cuts, while Democrats would use additional funds to support K-12 education, the local government fund, food banks, health care services, etc.
The OBM revenue report is available.
Senate and House Leaders Introduce Education Bills: U.S. Senate Republicans, Senate Democrats, and House Republicans introduced last week separate legislation to reauthorize the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA), also known as the No Child Left Behind Act (2002). The act has been in limbo since 2007 as lawmakers continue to disagree about the federal role in K-12 education and specifically about how to reauthorize various provisions of the act that have become controversial. Both the U.S. House and Senate have passed legislation to reauthorize ESEA, but neither chamber has seriously considered the other chamber’s bills.
Senate Democrat Plan: Senator Tom Harkin (D-Iowa), chairman of the Senate Health, Education, Pension, and Labor Committee (HELP), introduced on June 4, 2013 the Senate Democrat’s latest version to reauthorize ESEA entitled, Strengthening America’s Schools Act of 2013 (SASA) (S1094).
According to a summary of the bill, the Strengthening America’s Schools Act of 2013 provides a framework to help all students graduate from high school with the knowledge and skills needed for success in college/and or a career by supporting teachers and principals to provide high quality instruction; ensuring disadvantaged students get the supports they need to succeed; and focusing federal attention on supporting states and districts in turning around low-performing schools and closing achievement gaps.
To accomplish these goals SASA focuses on education programs for young children; the achievement of subgroups of students; equal educational opportunities; flexibility for states to sustain current reforms; and teachers and principals.
The bill would direct states to develop guidelines for what children should know and be able to do prior to kindergarten entry to reduce gaps in school readiness; encourage states to provide full-day kindergarten and expand early childhood education; and help more schools provide a well-rounded education with time for the arts and physical activity.
The bill also includes a number of provisions that arts education advocates support. The arts are listed as a core academic subject; arts and music are included as enrichment activities in the Expanded Learning Time and Supporting Successful, Well-Rounded Students sections; and the bill amends ESEA to require states to develop core standards for key subjects such as math, reading, and “creative arts” for students in kindergarten through 3rd grade. This is a very positive step, because it will align K-3 standards with existing standards for grades 4-12, which already include the arts as key subjects.
Some of the more controversial and unpopular provisions of No Child Left Behind Act are modified, but still included in SASA, such as the practice of disaggregating student achievement data across subgroups to focus on disparities, and teacher evaluations based on student performance.
The bill calls for an expansion of the categories of disaggregation to include gender and English proficiency, and disseminating an equity score card to provide school-level information to parents on the school’s climate, the school’s educational opportunity offerings (such as AP, full-day kindergarten, or gifted programming), the number of assessments required, and the school’s funding by sources (state, local, and federal).
However, states would be provided more flexibility to set their own accountability goals for student achievement and reforms to improve low-performing schools. Currently 37 states have received an NCLB waiver from the U.S. DOE to set their own accountability standards within certain federal guidelines. States without a waiver would be allowed to adopt their own accountability targets based on certain criteria. However, the bill still requires that all state accountability systems must “include student academic achievement and growth, English language proficiency for English Learners and, for high schools, graduation rates for all students; systems will also include accountability for all subgroups.”
One of the more interesting requirements would require that local and state resources per-pupil for Title I schools are equal to or greater than the average combined local and state funds per pupil in non-Title I schools.
The Strengthening America’s Schools Act is available.
Senate Republican Plan: Senate Republicans introduced their version to reauthorize ESEA on June 6, 2013 entitled the Every Child Ready for College or Career Act (S.1101). The bill is sponsored by Senators Lamar Alexander of Tennessee, Richard Burr of North Carolina, Johnny Isakson of Georgia, Pat Roberts of Kansas, Orrin Hatch of Utah, and Mark Kirk of Illinois.
At just 220 pages, compared to the Senate Democrat plan at 1,150 pages, the Republic plan would “move out of Washington and back to the states decisions about whether schools and teachers are succeeding or failing”.
The Senate Republican bill would transfer decisions about measuring student achievement and fixing under-performing schools to state and local control; give states the authority to define standards and tests for students in reading, math, and science; allow states to use $14.5 billion in Title I funds for low-income children to follow those children to the public school they attend; encourage the formation of charter schools; end the federal definition of “highly qualified” teachers and encourages states to use their share of $2.5 billion in federal Title II funds to create teacher evaluation systems related to student performance and other factors; consolidate 62 programs into two block grants, and give states more flexibility in spending education dollars; and continue state and district report cards; and create an annual Secretary’s report card about the nation’s schools.
The Republican Plan is available.
House Republic Plan: Representatives John Kline (R-Minnesota) and Todd Rokita (R-Indiana) introduced on June 6, 2013 the Student Success Act (H.R. 5) to reauthorize ESEA, and “….restore local control, support more effective teachers, reduce the federal footprint, and empower parents.” Representative Kline is chair of the House Education and Workforce Committee, and Representative Rokita is chair of the House Early Childhood, Elementary, and Secondary Education Subcommittee. The bill does the following:
Reduces the federal role in education by returning authority for measuring student performance and turning around low-performing schools to states and local officials. The bill repeals the Adequate Yearly Progress (AYP) metric and federally-prescribed school improvement and turnaround interventions, and empowers states to develop accountability systems that effectively evaluate school quality. At the same time, the legislation maintains a focus on high standards and disaggregated assessment data, ensuring school and student performance is transparent and parents have the information needed to make decisions about their children’s education.
Eliminates more than 70 programs and replaces them with the Local Academic Flexible Grant to provide states and school districts the flexibility to support initiatives based on their local needs.
Maintains separate funding streams for the Migrant Education, Neglected and Delinquent, English Language Acquisition, Rural Education, and Indian Education programs, but merges them into Title I of the law. The legislation also strengthens these programs to improve student achievement, and provides states and districts flexibility to use funds across programs to better support their students’ needs.
Repeals the Highly Qualified Teacher requirement and supports the development and implementation of state- and locally-driven teacher evaluation systems that provide states and school districts the tools necessary to measure an educator’s influence on student achievement.
Consolidates most of the teacher quality programs in current law into a Teacher and School Leader Flexible Grant program to support evidence-based initiatives to recruit, hire, train, compensate, and retain effective teachers.
Reauthorizes the Charter Schools Program, which supports the expansion and replication of high- quality charter schools. The legislation also strengthens the existing Magnet School and Parent Information and Resource Center programs, which provide states, school districts, and other entities with federal support so parents can identify quality options and participate in their children’s education.
Strengthens the five existing Impact Aid programs, which provide direct funding to school districts impacted by the presence of the federal government. The programs reimburse districts located near, or serving students from, military bases, federal lands, and Indian reservations for the loss of property taxes.
Strengthens provisions to ensure the participation of private school students and teachers in the programs funded under the law, and improves the military recruiting provisions by ensuring military recruiters have equal access to high schools as institutions of higher education.
Limits the authority of the Secretary of Education in four key ways: prohibits the secretary from imposing conditions, including conditions involving state standards and assessments, on states and school districts in exchange for a waiver of federal law; prevents the secretary from creating additional burdens on states and districts through the regulatory process, particularly in the areas of standards, assessments, and state accountability plans; prohibits the secretary from demanding changes to state standards, and influencing and coercing states to enter into partnerships with other states; and outlines specific procedures the secretary must follow when issuing federal regulations and conducting peer review processes for grant applications.
Reauthorizes the McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act and places a greater emphasis on improved identification of homeless children and youth; provides better collaboration and information sharing among federal and state agencies to provide services for homeless students; and strengthens provisions in current law to enhance school stability and protections for homeless youth and parents.
The Student Success Act is available.
This Week at the Statehouse: The House and Senate will hold sessions and hearings this week.
TUESDAY, JUNE 11, 2013
The Senate Ways and Means Committee, chaired by Senator Schaffer, will meet on Tuesday, June 11, 2013 at 10:00 AM in the South Hearing Room. The committee will receive testimony on the following bills:
- HB138 (McClain/Letson) Tax Appeals Board Law Changes: Makes changes to the law governing the Board of Tax Appeals.
- SB127 (Jordan) Property Tax Reduction-Home Schooled Children: Creates a property tax and a manufactured home tax reduction for parents of home schooled children equal to the taxes levied by the school district on the homestead of the parent.
- SB135 (Tavares) Tax Credits-Donations-Community Services Providers: Authorizes nonrefundable tax credits for authorized donations to projects of nonprofit entities and municipal agencies providing community services.
- SB89 (Skindell) Earned Income Tax Credit: Grants a state earned income tax credit equal to a percentage of the federal earned income tax credit.
- SB52 (Coley) Property Tax Complaints: Permits property tax complaints to be initiated only by the property owner.
The Senate Education Committee, chaired by Senator Lehner will meet on Tuesday, June 11, 2013 at 1:30 PM in the South Hearing Room. The committee will receive testimony on HB167 (Heard/Grossman) Columbus Plan, which would authorize the Columbus City Schools to levy property taxes, the revenue from which may be shared with partnering community schools. A vote is possible.
The committee will also receive testimony on HB14 (Pelanda) School Records, which would change the process that school districts use when withholding or transferring to another district or school the records of a child who is alleged or adjudicated as an abused, neglected, or dependent child.
The House Education Committee, chaired by Representative Stebelton, will meet on Tuesday, June 11, 2013 at 4:00 PM in hearing room 116. The committee will receive testimony on the following bills:
- HB18 (Paton) Metal Detectors-Public Schools.
- HB58 (Gerberry) State Board of Education Membership, which would change the voting membership of the State Board of Education to consist of a member from each of several electoral districts with boundaries coinciding with the state’s Congressional districts, and a president to be appointed by the Governor if there is an even number of such electoral districts.
- HB96 (Strahorn) Public Employees’ Collective Bargaining Law, which would eliminate an exemption from the Public Employees’ Collective Bargaining Law for specified educational employees.
- HB178 (Phillips) School Safety Drills, which would amend the number and schedule of school safety drills in schools.
WEDNESDAY, JUNE 12, 2013
If Needed: The Senate Education Committee, chaired by Senator Lehner will meet on Wednesday, June 12, 2013 at 10:15 AM in the South Hearing Room. The committee will receive testimony on HB167 (Heard/Grossman) Columbus Plan, which would authorize the Columbus City Schools to levy property taxes, and share the revenue with partnering community schools. A vote is possible.
The House Ways and Means Committee, chaired by Representative Beck, will meet on Wednesday, June 12, 013 at 3:00 PM in hearing room 116 and receive testimony on the following bills:
- HB107 (Baker) Career Exploration Internships – Tax Credit, which would authorize a tax credit for businesses that employ high school students in career exploration internships.
- HB24 (Boose) Tax Expenditure Review Committee, which would create a Tax Expenditure Review Committee for the purpose of periodically reviewing existing and proposed tax expenditures.
THURSDAY, JUNE 13, 2013
The Ohio Constitutional Modernization Commission will meet at 3:00 PM in the TJM Judicial Center Room 101. The agenda for the meeting includes a presentation by Chief Justice Maureen O’Connor, updates, and reports from the standing committees.
The following committees of the Ohio Constitutional Modernization Commission will meet earlier in the day:
- The Finance, Taxation, and Economic Development Committee at 9:30 AM in hearing room 115. The committee will hear a presentation by Greg Stype, partner on Squire Sanders, on Article VIII (Public Debt and Public Works) and Article XVIII.
- The Education, Public Institutions, and Miscellaneous and Local Government Committee will meet at 9:30 AM in hearing room 113.
- The Judicial Branch and the Administration of Justice Committee will meet at 9:30 AM in hearing room 311.
- The Legislative Branch and Executive Branch Committee will meet at 11:15 AM in hearing room 113.
- The Revisions and Updating Committee will meet at 11:15 AM in Hearing Room 115.
- The Organization and Administration Committee will meet at 1:30 PM in hearing room 115.
- The Public Education and Information Committee will meet at 1:30 PM in hearing room 311.
- The Liaisons with Public Offices Committee will meet at 1:30 PM in hearing room 113.
- The Coordinating Committee will meet at 1:30 PM in hearing room 114.
State Board of Education to Meet: The State Board of Education, Debe Terhar president, will meet on June 10 and 11, 2013 at the Ohio Department of Education Conference Center, 25 South Front Street in Columbus, OH.
This month the State Board will hold a Chapter 119 Hearing on Ohio Administrative Code Rules 3301-83- 09, 10, 16, 17, 21, 22, 24, and 51-10, Pupil Transportation Rules, and receive presentations about implementing provisions of HB555 (Stebelton) Report Cards (129th General Assembly); the Third Grade Guarantee; STEM schools; and new assessments for educator licensing.
The State Board will recognize Ohio Schools to Watch, recipients of the Presidential Awards for Excellence in Mathematics and Science Teaching, and the Milken Educator.
The Achievement, Capacity, Legislative and Budget, and Urban Education committees will also meet.
The Achievement Committee will discuss and approve a Resolution to Adopt Career Connections Learning Strategies; discuss and approve a Resolution of Intent to Adopt Amended Rule 3301-13-02, Administering Required State Assessments at the Designated Grades; receive an update on the Early Learning Challenge Grant; and discuss graduation requirements.
The Capacity Committee will receive a presentation on Ohio Teacher Evaluation System (OTES)-Feedback from Pilot Schools and Districts; discuss Rule 3301-57-01, Administering the Child Abuse Detection Training Program; and discuss proposed amendments to School Operating Standards.
The Urban Education Committee will continue work on implementing HB555 of the 129th General Assembly.
The Legislative and Budget Committee will receive updates about HB59 (Amstutz) Appropriations for FY14-15; Medicaid for Schools Program; and federal legislative activity.
The State Board will consider and vote on the following resolutions:
#2 Approve a Resolution of Intent to Amend Rule 3301-13-02 of the Administrative Code entitled Administering Required State Assessments at the Designated Grades (Volume 2 Page 6).
#3 Approve a Resolution of Intent to Consider Confirmation of the West Geauga Local School District’s Determination of Impractical Transportation of Certain Students Attending St. Francis of Assisi School, Gates Mills, Cuyahoga County, OH. (Volume 2 Page 19).
#6 Approve a Resolution to Adopt Rules 3301-28-01 of the Administrative Code regarding Local Report Card Measures and to Rescind Rules 3301-58-01 to 3301-58-03 of the Administrative Code regarding the value-added progress dimension. (Volume 3, Page 30.)
#7 Approve a Resolution to Amend Rule 3301-52-01 of the Administrative Code entitled Appropriate Uses of Early Childhood Education Screening and Assessment Information. (Volume 3, Page 54.)
#8 Approve a Resolution to Amend Rules 3301-102-01 of the Administrative Code regarding Community Schools. (Volume 3, Page 59.)
#9 Approve a Resolution to Adopt Rules 3301-102-10 of the Administrative Code regarding the Academic Performance Rating and Report Card System for Community Schools that Serve Students Enrolled in Dropout Prevention and Recovery Programs. (Volume 3, Page 93.)
#10 Approve a Resolution to Adopt Model Curriculum in English language Arts, Mathematics, Science, and Social Studies with embedded Career Connection Learning strategies for the Purpose of Meeting the Requirements of Revised Code Section 3301.079 (Volume 4, Page 4.)
#11 Approve a Resolution to Adopt the New Ohio Assessments for Educators (OAE) and Associated Qualifying Scores for Various Ohio License Areas. (Volume 4, Page 6).
#12 Approve a Resolution to Confirm the Tuslaw Local School District Board of Education’s Determination of Impractical Transportation of Certain Students Attending Heritage Christian School in Canton, Stark County, OH. (Volume 4, Page 17.)
Ohio Senate Amends HB59: The Senate Finance Committee, chaired by Senator Oelslager, agreed to additional amendments for HB59 (Amstutz) Appropriations for FY14-15, before the full Senate amended and approved the $61.7 billion budget plan on June 6, 2013.
Overall the Senate version of HB59 adjusts Ohio’s system for funding schools; provides a tax cut for small businesses, but not the across the board tax cut proposed by the House; and excludes Medicaid expansion, which was proposed by Governor Kasich and included in the bill as introduced.
The Senate version of HB59 provides a total for the biennium of $22.6 million in General Revenue Funds for the Ohio Arts Council. This is an increase of $5.8 million over FY12-13 levels. All Fund Groups for the Ohio Arts Council total $25.6 million for the biennium.
The General Revenue Fund budget for the Ohio Department of Education increases from $15.1 billion in FY12-13 to $16.4 billion in FY14-15, an increase of $1.292 billion. The All Fund Groups budget for education increases from $22.4 billion in FY12-13 to $23.6 billion in FY14-15.
Compared to FY12-13, the Senate version of HB59 increases funding through the General Revenue Fund for Early Childhood Education; the Ohio Educational Computer Network, due to the re-constitution of the eTech Commission; Academic Standards; Student Assessments; Educator Preparation; Community Schools/Choice; General Technology Operations; Technology Integration and Professional Development; Transportation; Auxiliary Services; Nonpublic Administrative Costs Reimbursements; Special Education Enhancements; Career Tech Enhancements; Foundation Funding; Literacy Improvement; and Property Tax Allocation.
New education programs included in the bill are the Straight A Fund ($250 million); Education Choice Expansion ($25.5 million); and Community School Facilities ($15 million). These programs are being funded out of the Lottery Profits Fund, which is increasing from $1.4 billion in FY12-13 to $1.78 billion in FY14-15.
HB59 also slightly decreases funding for Accountability/Report Cards and eliminates funding for Ready to Learn, a program originally included in the House version of HB59, and now removed by the Senate.
The total General Revenue Fund budget for FY14-15 increases by $7.5 billion from $54 billion in FY12-13 to $61.7 billion in FY14-15. The All Fund Groups budget totals $120.5 billion for FY14-15.
Senate Budget Bill Addresses Some Opponents’ Issues: The latest Senate version of HB59 also addresses the following K-12 policies that education stakeholders testified against before the Senate Finance Committee, Education Subcommittee:
Tax Appeals: Removes a provision, added by the Senate Finance Committee, that would prohibit boards of education from filing appeals on property values for real estate taxes within their districts. Boards of education often challenge the value of properties through the Board of Revisions process in order to ensure that real property is valued fairly for tax purposes, so that school districts receive the tax dollars that they are due to operate the schools, and all tax payers are treated fairly.
Pupil Count: Changes a House provision requiring school districts to take a monthly student count, and instead requires two student counts per school year, one in October and another in February. Witnesses testified that taking a student count every month would be impractical and would lead to significant planning problems for school districts. Currently school districts take one count of all students in October, but it takes on average three months to verify the results.
Payment in Lieu of Transportation: Restores current law regarding how parents are reimbursed when school districts determine that transportation of students is impractical. Several witnesses requested that the House provision be removed, because it removed the ability of the school district to negotiate with parents about the transportation of their students, and would have deducted from the school district’s transportation aid a larger per pupil reimbursement. Since state aid for transportation is already underfunded and must be supplemented with local district revenue, school districts told lawmakers that they could not afford this change, and have enough money to transport students.
Straight A Fund: Increases the Straight A Fund to $250 million a year. Governor Kasich had proposed $300 million to support the Straight A Fund in the executive budget, but the House lowered the fund to $150 million. The purpose of the fund is to provide districts grants through a competitive process to become more innovative and improve academics or lower costs.
Early Childhood Education: Increases state funds to support early childhood education, including $33.3 million in FY14 and $45.3 million in FY15 to allow children from low-income families to attend private preschools when publicly funded preschools are not available.
Motor Fuel Tax: Increases the motor fuel tax reimbursement for city, exempted village, joint vocational, and local school districts and educational service centers for motor fuel purchased and used for school district and service center operations from 6¢ per gallon to 10¢ per gallon. Under continuing law, the overall motor fuel tax rate is 28¢ per gallon. Superintendents and treasurers testified that the reimbursement hadn’t been changed in years.
Requests not included in HB59: Superintendents, treasurers, and representatives of education organizations urged Senators to change several HB59 provisions that could negatively impact schools and districts, and establish a mechanism for determining an adequate formula amount per pupil for funding schools.
The Senate, however, retained several controversial provisions in HB59, and did not include a method to determine an adequate formula amount based on education standards, services, or student needs.
EdChoice Expanded: Retains the expanded EdChoice voucher programs with some changes. The Senate version of HB59 includes two voucher programs, one based on family income and the other based on school district ratings on the Third Grade Reading Guarantee measure.
The expanded Education Choice voucher based on income would allow students in the 2013-2014 school year entering Kindergarten and first grade to qualify for a voucher to attend eligible private schools, if their family income is at or below 200 percent of the federal poverty level, regardless of the rating of the school on the local report card. The program would be funded by the state rather than through deductions from the resident school district, which is the way the EdChoice voucher is currently funded. Participation in the program is therefore limited by the amount of state funding, which is $8.5 million in FY14 and $17 million in FY15. Assuming students use the maximum scholarship amount, there would be about 2000 vouchers available in FY14 and 4000 available in FY15. The bill also states that students can continue to receive vouchers in future years. The bill was amended to provide tiered funding for continuing voucher students whose parents’ income level increased more than 200 percent of the poverty level.
Superintendents and representatives from education organizations testified that many effective and excellent school districts, especially those in rural Ohio, could have a large number of students qualify for the expanded EdChoice voucher program based on family income. Even though funding for the voucher would be capped at $8.5 million in FY14 and $17 million in FY15, and would be funded by the state, superintendents and treasurers testified that losing students and state funding per student could financially harm their school districts. They also noted that if the expanded voucher program continued in future biennia, it could provide public funds to almost all students attending private schools in a few years, increasing the overall burden and cost for K-12 education for the state.
The Third Grade Guarantee voucher provision would begin with the 2016-2017 school year. It qualifies for the EdChoice scholarship students in kindergarten through third grade who are enrolled in a district-operated school that has received a grade of “D” or “F” in “making progress in improving K-3 literacy” in two of the three most recent state report cards, and has not received an “A” in “making progress in improving K-3 literacy” in the most recent report card issued prior to the first day of July of the school year for which the scholarship is sought.
Opponents of this voucher program told lawmakers that the provision would allow students to leave public schools that must ensure students are reading at grade level, to attend private schools that do not have to comply with the Third Grade Guarantee law or provide additional reading help for students.
Contract-Out Provisions (Section 3317.40): Retains the bill’s provision that requires school districts that fail to show “satisfactory achievement and progress”, as determined by the State Board of Education, serving subgroups of students (special education, economically disadvantaged, ELL and students identified as gifted in superior cognitive ability and specific academic ability), to submit an improvement plan to the ODE for approval. The ODE may require the school district to partner with other organizations to provide services to these students. Witnesses testified that this provision is impractical to implement, because state aid only provides a portion of the full cost to provide services to subgroups of students anyway, and school districts already contract out many of these services to other organizations.
Joint Vocational School District Boards: Retains the bill’s provision that changes the composition of the boards of education of joint vocational school districts (JVSD). The members of JVSD boards are now selected from among the elected representatives of participating districts. The Senate version of the bill would require JVSD board members to be selected from regional employers, which would duplicate the membership of the JVSD business advisory boards, which currently include representatives of regional employers and others in the community who are involved in career education.
Transportation and Career Tech Components: Retains the bill’s provisions that keep state funding for transportation and career tech within the gain cap, thereby limiting the amount of state funding available for school districts. Also retains a provision in the bill that removed components of the current transportation-funding formula. These components supported best practices regarding the transportation of students to schools.
Summary of Recent Senate Changes to HB59: The Ohio Senate and House have now approved very different versions of HB59 (Amstutz) Appropriations for FY14-FY15. The House is expected this week to vote to reject the Senate changes for HB59, which means that the bill will be assigned to a conference committee composed of three members from the House and three members from the Senate, who will work to develop a compromise bill. The conferees could start work next week. Lawmakers have until June 30, 2013 to complete work on the bill, and most agree that the House and Senate will meet the deadline.
In the meantime, although more changes will be made by the conference committee, the following is a summary of the latest changes made by the Ohio Senate to HB59 last week.
Ohio Arts Council Section 217.10: Increases appropriation item 370502, State Program Subsidies, by $25,000 in each fiscal year.
Foundation Funding: Decreases GRF appropriation item 200550, Foundation Funding, by $5.7 million in FY14 and increases this item by $147.3 million in FY15.
Payment in Lieu of Transportation: Earmarks $5 million in FY14 and $2.5 million in FY15 for payments to parents in lieu of transportation.
Straight A Fund Section 263.10: Increases the Lottery Profits Education Fund 7017 appropriation item 200648, Straight A Fund, by $50 million in each fiscal year. Appropriates $100 million in FY14 and $150 million in FY15.
Early Childhood Education 263.20: Increases GRF appropriation item 200408, Early Childhood, to $33.3 million in FY14 and by $45.3 million in FY15. Eliminates the Ready to Learn program and GRF appropriation item 200468, Ready to Learn, funded at $5.05 million in each fiscal year.
Read Baby Read Section 263.255: Re-establishes GRF appropriation item 200566, Literacy Improvement, with an appropriation of $150,000 in each fiscal year and specifies that the funds be used for Read Baby Read.
Ready, Set, Go…. to Kindergarten (Lorain County): Moves the $50,000 earmark in each year for the Ready, Set, Go…to Kindergarten Program from appropriation item 200468, Ready to Learn, to appropriation item 200408, Early Childhood Education.
Jon Peterson Scholarship: Increases GRF appropriation item 200550, Foundation Funding, by $5 million in FY14 and earmarks that amount in 2014. Specifies that the earmark must be used to reimburse school districts for the full cost of Jon Peterson Scholarship deductions taken for students who did not attend a public school in their resident district in the previous year, and specifies that the payment amounts may be prorated if the earmarked amount is not sufficient.
Auxiliary Services: Decreases GRF appropriation item 200511, Auxiliary Services, by $48,338 in FY14 and increases this appropriation item by $3.3 million in FY15.
Nonpublic Administrative Cost Reimbursement 3317.063: Decreases GRF appropriation item 200532, Nonpublic Administrative Cost Reimbursement, by $21,836 in FY14 and increases this appropriation item by $1.5 million in FY15. Allocates $58.9 million in FY14 and $62.4 million in FY15. Increases the maximum per pupil amount for reimbursement of noncharter school administrative cost funds to $360.
Board of Regents Section 363.483: Increases the earmark under GSF appropriation item 235653, Co-op Internship Program, for the Ohio Center for the Advancement of Women in Public Service at the Maxine Goodman Levin College of Urban Affairs at Cleveland State University from $75,000 to $150,000.
Board of Regents Section 363.10: Increases GRF appropriation item 235444, Post-Secondary Adult Career-Technical Education, by $500,000 in each fiscal 11 year.
Board of Regents Section 363.483: Earmarks $10,000 in each fiscal year in Fund 5JC0 appropriation item 235649, Co-op Internship Program, for the Ohio College Access Network to support the Ohio Student Education Policy Institute.
Formula Amount: Changes the formula amount to $5,745 (from $5,732) in FY14 and to $5,800 (from $5,789) in FY15.
Bi-annual ADM Counts R.C. 3317.01 and 3317.03 31: Requires the superintendent of each city, local, exempted village, and joint vocational school district to certify the average daily membership of students receiving services from schools under the superintendent’s supervision during the first full week of October and the first full week of February (rather than during the first full school week of each month as required by the bill). Specifies that annualized periodic payments for each school district must be based on the district’s final student counts verified by the superintendent of public instruction based on reports under section 3317.03 of the Revised Code, as adjusted, if so ordered, under division (K) of that section, equal to the sum of one-half of the number of students verified and adjusted for the first full week in October plus one-half of the average of the numbers verified and adjusted for the first full week in October and for the first full week in February.
Preschool Special Education Students: Credits school districts with funding for preschool students who receive a scholarship to attend an alternative provider under the Autism Scholarship Program.
Special Education: Replaces the special education multiples of the formula amount in the bill (which are the multiples in current law) with dollar amounts for FY14, and increases those dollar amounts in FY15.
Third Grade Reading Guarantee: Changes the bill’s formula for Kindergarten through third grade literacy funds by decreasing the dollar amounts that are multiplied by the state share index, but adding an additional dollar amount that is not multiplied by the state share index to the payment, and provides for these dollar amounts to increase in FY15. Provides $125 in FY14 and $175 in FY15 per pupil for students in grades K-3. The added amounts per pupil are $100 in FY14 and $160 in FY15.
Economically Disadvantaged Students: Changes the bill’s formula for economically disadvantaged funds by decreasing the dollar amounts from $300 to $250 per pupil in FY14 and to $253 in FY15.
Career Tech: Replaces the career-technical education multiples of the formula amount and the career-technical education associated services multiple in the bill (which are the multiples in current law) with dollar amounts for FY14, and increases those dollar amounts in FY15.
Joint Vocational School Districts: Changes the formulas for special education funds, economically disadvantaged funds, career-technical education funds, and career-technical education associated services. Changes the formula amount to $5,745 in FY14 and to $5,800 in FY15. Allocates an estimated $269 million in FY14 and $276.1 million in FY15 for JVSD state aid.
Community Schools and STEM Schools: Changes the formulas for special education funds, Kindergarten through third grade literacy funds, economically disadvantaged funds, and career-technical education funds.
Student Counts for Certain Payments: Specifies that 25 percent of a district’s students that attend a community school (other than an Internet- or computer-based community school (e-school)) are included in the district’s “net formula ADM” for purposes of calculating targeted assistance, to correspond with the provisions of the bill’s school funding formula specifying that community schools (other than e-schools) receive payments for 25 percent of students in this category. Subtracts a district’s students attending an e-school from the district’s counts of limited English proficient students, Kindergarten through third grade students, and economically disadvantaged students to correspond with the provisions of the bill’s school funding formula specifying that e-schools do not receive payments for these categories of students.
Gain Cap: Increases the factor by which foundation funding is capped for traditional and joint vocational districts from 1.06 times prior year funding in each fiscal year to 1.0625 and 1.105 times prior year funding for FY14 and FY15.
Transitional Aid Guarantee JVSD: Requires the ODE to adjust, as necessary, the transitional aid guarantee base of school districts that participate in the establishment of a joint vocational school district (JVSD) that first begins receiving funding under the JVSD funding formula in FY14.
Pupil Transportation: Specifies the amounts of $413.4 million in FY14 and $434.1 million in FY15 earmarked from GRF appropriation item 200502, Pupil Transportation, for pupil transportation formula payments to school districts rather than earmarking the remainder of this appropriation for such payments after the allocation of certain set-asides.
Pupil Transportation: Specifies that, for purposes of calculating transportation funding, “rider density” means “total ADM per square mile of a school district” rather than “the number of qualifying riders per square mile of a school district.”
Kindergarten Students: Requires the ODE to adjust a district’s average daily membership certification by one-half of the full time equivalency for each student charged fees or tuition for all-day kindergarten.
Tuition: Removes a provision of the bill specifying that a district may charge tuition for a student enrolled in all-day kindergarten as long as the student is included in the student count reported to the Department of Education as less than one full-time equivalent student.
Spending Requirement for Economically Disadvantaged Funds: Requires a city, local, exempted village, or joint vocational school district, community school, or STEM school to spend the economically disadvantaged funds it receives for any of the following initiatives or a combination of any of the following initiatives: extended school day and school year, reading improvement and intervention, instructional technology or blended learning, professional development in reading instruction for teachers of students in kindergarten through third grade, dropout prevention, and school safety and security measures.
Requires each school district, community school, and STEM school to submit a report to the ODE at the end of each fiscal year describing the initiative or initiatives on which the district’s or school’s economically disadvantaged funds were spent during that fiscal year, and requires the ODE to submit a report of this information to the General Assembly not later than December 1 of each odd-numbered year, starting in 2015.
Educational Service Centers: Reinstates the $6.50 per pupil transfer and current law that permits the board of education of any client school district to pay an amount in excess of $6.50 per student, per district approval. Sets the state payments per pupil to ESCs at $37.00 per pupil in FY14 and $35 per pupil in FY15. Increases the state earmark for ESCs to $43.5 million in FY14 and $40 million FY15, in addition to a $3.8 million earmark for ESCs to provide services for gifted students.
Physical Education Exemption for Children with Disabilities R.C. 3302.032, 3313.603, 3313.6016, and 3313.674 98: Subject to a child’s individualized education program (IEP), exempts a child with a disability from the physical education requirement to graduation from high school; the physical activity pilot project; and the school body mass index screenings.
Specifies that a child with a disability must not be included in the measure established by the State Board of Education to gauge student success in meeting physical education benchmarks, compliance with local wellness policies prescribed by the federal “Child Nutrition and WIC Reauthorization Act of 2004,” whether a school district or building elected to administer the screenings for body mass index, and whether a school district or building is participating in the physical activity pilot program.
EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION
Modifies the Early Childhood Education program to qualify licensed child care providers for funding and requires programs that are highly rated under the Step Up to Quality program to comply with the requirements of that program, instead of certain requirements of the existing program.
Requires the Early Childhood Advisory Council to issue recommendations regarding an early childhood voucher program to the Superintendent of Public Instruction, the Governor’s office of 21st Century Education, the Speaker of the House, President of the Senate, and chairmen of the House and Senate Education Committees by October 1, 2013.
Increases the appropriation for Early Childhood Education to $33.3 million in FY14 and to $45.3 million in FY15. Increases the number of providers who are eligible to receive funds under the program.
JOINT VOCATIONAL SCHOOL DISTRICTS R.C. 3311.19:
JVSC Board: Replaces the current method of appointing members of a JVSD board of education with a system where the school districts or ESC that belong to a JVSD each appoint one member to a JVSD board. Specifies that the appointed individuals may not be members of the appointing board or ESC and that the total number of members appointed to the JVSD board is equal to the number of members on the JVSD’s board prior to the bill’s effective date. Requires the appointing board to select members who represent regional employers and who are qualified to consider a region’s workforce needs. Specifies that a term of office for a JVSD board member be three years and limits members to two consecutive terms.
EDUCATIONAL SERVICE CENTERS
Carryover Funds: Specifies that the option to carry over ESC funds at the end of a fiscal year applies only to both unexpended and unobligated funds, rather than funds that are only unexpended as under the bill. Removes the bill’s provision that would permit an ESC client to use a portion of its carryover funds for a purpose other than those specified in its service agreement, and requires that those funds only be used for services specified in the service agreement.
Removes ESC Responsibilities: Requires each “local” district board to prescribe a curriculum for all schools under its control, and removes this requirement for ESCs with respect to “local” districts (R.C. 3313.60). Removes a requirement that each ESC annually certify the average daily membership (ADM) of students receiving services from schools. Permits a “local” district superintendent to excuse a child that resides in the district from attendance for any part of the remainder of the current school year upon satisfying conditions specified in law and in accordance with district board and State Board rules, and removes this authority for an ESC superintendent acting on behalf of a “local” district (R.C. 3321.04). Requires the superintendent of a “local” district in which a child withdraws from school to immediately receive notice of the withdrawal from the child’s teacher, and removes this requirement as it applies to ESC superintendents acting on behalf of “local” districts (R.C. 3321.13).
Attendance Officer: Permits a city or exempted village district board to obtain services from an ESC attendance officer instead of employing its own attendance officer (R.C. 3321.14). Permits, rather than requires, every ESC governing board to employ an ESC attendance officer, and requires an ESC to make the decision regarding employment of an attendance officer based on consultation with the districts that have agreements with the ESC (R.C. 3321.15).
Instructional Program: Permits a “local” district, rather than the ESC, to provide an instructional program for the employees of the district, in the same manner as currently authorized for “city” and “exempted village” districts (R.C. 3315.07(A)).
Business Advisory Council: Requires a “local” district board to appoint a business advisory council unless the district and an ESC have an agreement providing that the ESC’s business advisory council will represent the district’s business (R.C. 3313.82). Applies the above exception to the requirement to appoint a business advisory council to city and exempted village districts, which are already required to appoint a council under existing law (R.C. 3313.82).
Parental School Transportation Subsidy: Restores current law provisions for a payment in lieu of transportation to a student’s parent, where a school district board determines it is impractical to transport the student by school conveyance. Changes the minimum amount for payment in lieu of transportation from an amount determined by the ODE to $225, effective July 1, 2014. The maximum amount for payment in lieu of transportation, or the average cost of pupil transportation for the previous school year as determined by the ODE remains the same.Increases GRF appropriation item 200502, Pupil Transportation, by $2.5 million in FY15 and earmarks the same amount for payments in lieu of transportation.
Transportation of Chartered Nonpublic and Community School Students on Weekends R.C. 3327.01: Maintains the bill’s provision exempting school districts from transporting students to and from chartered nonpublic and community schools on Saturday or Sunday, unless an agreement to do so is in place prior to July 1, 2014.
STRAIGHT A PROGRAM
Straight A Program Section 263.325: Adds both of the following to the list of entities that may receive grants from the Straight A Program and removes them from the list of entities which may be part of an education consortia: institutions of higher education and private entities partnering with one or more of the educational entities that are eligible to receive grants from the program.
Purpose of Program: Specifies that Straight A Program grants are for projects that aim to achieve significant advancement in one or more of the following goals: student achievement, spending reduction in the five-year fiscal forecast, and utilization of a greater share of resources in the classroom.
Board Membership: Adds an additional gubernatorial appointee to the governing board that makes grant decisions for the Straight A Program.
Grant Application Reviews: Removes a requirement that the system for evaluating and scoring grant applications under the Straight A Program must be given priority to applicants whose goals “demonstrate particular attempts” in achieving the following: cost reduction in the delivery of services, progress in improving literacy in grades kindergarten to three, achievement and progress for students with disabilities, economically disadvantaged students, limited English proficient students, and gifted students improving the performance measures that comprise the Prepared for Success component under the new academic performance rating system, and “utilizing programs recognized as innovative under the federal Race to the Top program.”
Maximum Grant: Removes a provision specifying that the maximum amount of a grant that may be awarded to a school district, educational service center, community school, STEM school, college preparatory boarding school, or individual school that applies for a grant is $500,000. Removes a provision specifying that the maximum amount of a grant that may be awarded to education consortia is $1 million.
Administer State Achievement Tests: Requires each chartered nonpublic school to administer the state achievement assessments to all of its students if at least 35 percent of its total enrollment is made up of students who are participating in the Educational Choice Scholarship Program, Autism Scholarship Program, Jon Peterson Special Needs Scholarship Program, or the Pilot Project (Cleveland) Scholarship Program. For each chartered nonpublic school that has a total enrollment in which less than 35 percent of students participate in the scholarship programs described above, maintains current law which requires the school, if it educates students in ninth through twelfth grades, to administer the Ohio Graduation Tests, and permits the school to elect to administer the elementary state assessments.
Ed Choice Scholarship – Volunteering in Lieu of Payment R.C. 3310.13 20: Eliminates the requirement that chartered nonpublic schools that accept the Ed Choice Scholarship permit families of eligible students to provide volunteer services in lieu of cash payment to pay all or part of the amount of the school’s tuition not covered by the scholarship.
Ed Choice Scholarship Eligibility R.C. 3310.032: Removes a provision that deems a student who has received an educational choice scholarship in the previous year an eligible student in subsequent years even if the student’s family income rises above 200 percent of the federal poverty guidelines and replaces it with a provision that establishes tiered eligibility according to the following:
If the student’s family income is above 200 percent but at or below 300 percent of the federal poverty guidelines, the student may receive a scholarship in the amount of 75 percent of the full scholarship amount. If the student’s family income is above 300 percent but at or below 400 percent of the federal poverty guidelines, the student may receive a scholarship in the amount of 50% of the full scholarship amount. If the student’s family income is above 400 percent of the federal poverty guidelines, the student is no longer eligible to receive an Educational Choice Scholarship.
Ed Choice Eligibility R.C. 3310.03: Specifies that a student who will be enrolling in school in this state for the first time and would otherwise be assigned to a school building that would qualify for the Ed Choice scholarship (under the bill) must be at least five years of age by January 1st of the school year that the scholarship is sought. (Age five is the age at which a student who is not a preschool child with a disability becomes entitled to attend school in the district. The students parents, or in some case the student, resides in.)
Autism Scholarship Program
Autism Scholarship Program: Specifies that individuals that provide services to a child under the Autism Scholarship Program are not required to obtain a one-year, renewable instructional assistant permit until December 20, 2014, which is 24 months (rather than 12 months as under current law) after the effective date of the act that authorized the State Board of Education to issue such a permit to an individual, upon the request of a registered private provider, qualifying that individual to provide services to a child under the Autism Scholarship Program.
Jon Peterson Scholarship
Jon Peterson Special Needs Scholarship Program: Provides that, during the fall 2013 application period for the Jon Peterson Special Needs Scholarship Program, the ODE shall not accept any applications from students who have not received a scholarship from the program in the previous or current school year.
HOME-SCHOOL and PRIVATE SCHOOL PARTICIPATION
Participation by Home-schooled and Private School Students in School District Extracurricular Activity R.C. 3313.5311 and 3313.5312 141: Affords students enrolled in chartered or nonchartered nonpublic schools and students receiving home instruction the opportunity to participate in an extracurricular activity at the school of the student’s resident school district to which the student would be otherwise assigned under specified conditions. Permits the superintendent of any school district to afford any student, who is enrolled in a nonpublic school and is not entitled to attend school in that district, the opportunity to participate in a school’s extracurricular activities if, the nonpublic school in which the student is enrolled does not offer the extracurricular activity, and the extracurricular activity is not interscholastic athletics or interscholastic contests or competition in music, drama, or forensics. Requires the superintendent of any school district to afford any student receiving home instruction and who is not entitled to attend school in that district the opportunity to participate in a school’s extracurricular activities, if the activity is not offered by the student’s resident district. Prohibits a school district, interscholastic conference, or organization that regulates interscholastic conferences or events from imposing eligibility requirements on nonpublic school or home schooled students that conflict with the amendment’s provisions. Authorizes a school district board of education to require students enrolled in chartered or nonchartered nonpublic schools and students receiving home instruction who are participating in an extracurricular activity in that district to enroll and participate in not more than one academic course at the school offering the extracurricular activity as a condition to participating in the activity. Requires the district board, if it chooses to implement the course requirement described above, to admit students seeking to enroll in an academic course to fulfill that requirement as space allows, after first enrolling students assigned to that school.
E-school Provisions R.C. 3302.035, 3314.261, and 3314.29: Requires the ODE to issue composite grades to a community school operator that manages, in whole or in part, more than one Internet- or computer-based community school (“e-school”), based on the grades issued for the e-schools managed by the operator. Requires that an e-school managed by an operator described above be subject to sanctions or permanent closure based on the lower of the composite grade of the operator or the grade that the individual e-school received. Exempts community schools where the majority of its students are enrolled in dropout recovery and prevention programs from the provisions of the amendment. (Those schools are issued separate report cards that do not include letter grades and are subject to separate closure standards.) Specifies that a student who transfers from one e-school to another e-school managed by the same operator is considered “continuously enrolled” for purposes of state assessment administration.Specifies that the resulting two e-schools from a separation under the bill may not add grade levels.
E-School Exemptions: Exempt students enrolled in e-schools from the physical education requirement to graduate from high schools and exempts e-schools from the physical education/wellness measure on the report card.
Licensing Requirements: Removes a House provision that removed the requirement that physical education teachers in community schools to hold a proper teacher license to provide instruction in physical education.
Community School Closure: Specifies that in order to trigger permanent closure of a community school after July 1, 2013, a school that offers any of grades 4 to 8 and does not offer a grade higher than grade 9, in at least two of the three most recent school years, must have been both, in a state of academic emergency and showed less than one standard year of academic growth in either reading or mathematics, as determined by ODE. (Both criteria apply for such schools before July 1, 2013. Current law requires only that such schools be in academic emergency for 2 of the last 3 years to trigger permanent closure after July 1, 2013.) According to the Legislative Service Commission this provision might make it more difficult to close community schools after July 1, 2013 (compared with current law after that date).
New Leaders for Ohio Schools: Requires the State Board of Education to adopt rules for the issuance of an alternative principal or administrator license to an individual who successfully completes the New Leaders for Ohio Schools pilot program.
Tuition for All-Day Kindergarten R.C. 3321.01: Specifies that the only school districts that may charge fees or tuition for all-day kindergarten are those districts that are offering all-day kindergarten for the first time or that charged fees or tuition for all-day kindergarten in the 2012-2013 school year.
Gifted Funding Study Section 263.433: Removes the provision that mandates a study of appropriate funding for gifted students.
Executive Session Municipal School District R.C. 3311.86: Authorizes the committees and subcommittees of a board of directors of a municipal school district transformation alliance to hold executive sessions as if the committee were a public body with public employees. A provision in the bill authorizes the boards of directors of such entities to hold executive sessions under the same conditions.
Student Participation in the PSEO Program R.C. 3365.02: Requires the Chancellor of the Board of Regents to report recommendations to establish the College Credit Plus Program. Revises the bill’s requirement that student in the Post-Secondary Enrollment Options Program be based solely on the participating college’s established “admission” standards, to instead be based solely on the participating college’s established “placement” standards for credit-bearing, college level courses. Prohibits the ODE from reimbursing a college for any remedial college courses.
Completion Plan R.C. 3345.81: Replaces the bill’s language requiring all boards of trustees of state institutions of higher education to adopt by May 1, 2014, an institution-specific strategic completion plan with certain provisions. Retains the bill’s requirements that the strategic completion plan be designed to increase the number of degrees and certificates awarded to students, be consistent with the mission and strategic priorities of the institution, and include measurable student completion goals.
HB193 (Brenner) High School Diploma Requirements: Revises current high school diploma requirements including state-administered assessments.
Case Studies Model Integrated Arts: The National Center on Time and Learning and the The Wallace Foundation released on June 5, 2013 a report entitled Advancing Arts Education Through An Expanded School Day: Lesson from Five Schools by David Farbman, Dennie Palmer Wolf, and Diane Sherlock.
The report highlights the findings of case studies of five schools that were able to integrate the arts into a comprehensive education program by expanding and redesigning the school day; focusing on improving overall academic instruction; and focusing on individual student achievement. The report describes how these schools embed the arts throughout their educational programs; identifies the common components of the curricula, programs, and processes so that others can strengthen their arts programs; and examines the role of arts education programs in boosting student engagement, skills, and achievement.
The schools included in the study are the Berkshire Arts & Technology Charter Public School – BART (Adams, MA); Clarence Edwards Middle School (Boston, MA); Metropolitan Arts and Technology Charter High School – Metro (San Francisco, CA); Cole Arts and Sciences Academy – CASA (Denver, CO); and the Roger Williams Middle School (Providence, RI). The schools predominately serve students from low-income families, and represent a variety of grades served, sizes, geographic locations, and school types. They also provide more learning time than most schools, which, on average, operate 180 days and six and a half hours/day.
According to the report, over the past 30 years, and particularly during the last decade, “arts education has occupied a shrinking place in the life of schools” due to the emphasis on increasing student achievement in math, language arts, and science. Advocates for arts education have had to compete for instructional time during the school day with other content areas, instead of partnering “in a potential educational synergy that holds both intrinsic and instrumental benefits for students.”
To raise student achievement and also expand learning opportunities for students, some schools have expanded the school day for students and teachers, which allows them to prioritize and design a more complete education program that includes the arts. A survey of schools conducted by the National Center on Time and Learning (NCTL) recently found that there are over 1000 schools across the national that operate at least seven hours per day. Some of these schools were able to increase learning time through the federal School Improvement Grant program, which provides additional funding to extend the school day.
The authors write that a study of the schools identified the following approaches that support arts education:
- The arts are a core feature of a comprehensive educational program at each of the schools. Teachers and arts specialists set high expectations for student achievement and value how the arts help students to develop the skills they need for school and lifelong success.
- The schools’ schedules support the arts. All students participate at least one hour daily in arts-specific classes taught by arts teachers and arts specialists, and ample time is allotted for practice.
- The schools provide a variety of arts education choices and activities, so that students develop a broad array of skills, but also can develop proficiency in a particular art form.
- More time in the school day allows educators to reconcile the tension between meeting accountability requirements in content areas and providing students a well-rounded education.
The report is available.