129th Ohio General Assembly: The Ohio House and Senate will hold hearings and sessions this week. The House and Senate Education Committees will meet. The House Finance and Appropriations Committee and subcommittees will also meet this week. A substitute bill for HB153 (Amstutz) Biennial Budget, which includes the language of the bill, is expected to be introduced.
Information on the Biennial Budget Proposal: The Ohio Department of Education has on its web site documents related to the proposed FY12-13 Biennial Budget HB153 (Amstutz), including an analysis of the recommendations for K-12 education as of March 17, 2011. More information is available.
State Board of Education News: The Executive Committee of State Board of Education, Debe Terhar president, will meet on Tuesday, March 29, 2011 to develop a process to select the next Superintendent of Public Instruction. The current Superintendent, Deborah Delisle, resigned effective April 30, 2011. The committee will also discuss the appointment of an interim superintendent.
- The Ohio House approved on March 23, 2011 HB159 (Mecklenborg), which requires electors who appear at a polling place to vote to provide photo identification, and establishes a process for those who cannot provide a photo or who have a religious objection to being photographed.
- The Ohio House approved on March 22, 2011 HB21 (Combs), which would amend sections 3319.22 and 3319.223 and enact section 3319.227 of the Revised Code to qualify Teach for America participants for a resident educator license.
- The Ohio Senate approved on March 22, 2011 HB36 (Kozlowski) School Calamity Days, which excuses up to five, instead of three, calamity days for the 2010-2011 school year, and broaden schools’ authority to make up calamity days by lengthening remaining days in the school year, and declares an emergency.
- The Ohio Senate also approved on March 22, 2011 SB81 (Cates) Teach for America, which qualifies Teach for America participants for a resident educator license in Ohio. The bill requires the State Board of Education to issue a “resident educator license” to participants in the program who have a bachelor’s degree from an accredited institution of higher education; have maintained a cumulative undergraduate grade point average of at least 2.5; have passed a State Board-prescribed subject area examination; and have successfully completed the summer training institute operated by Teach for America.
This Week at the Statehouse
TUESDAY, MARCH 29, 2011
Senate Education Committee: The Senate Education Committee, chaired by Senator Lehner, will meet at 9:30 AM in the South Hearing Room. The committee will receive testimony on the following bills:
- SB116 (Seitz) School Transportation Employees: Permits non-Civil Service school district boards to terminate positions of district transportation employees for reasons of economy and contract with independent agents to provide transportation services.
- SB118 (Cates) Body Mass Screenings – Schools: Makes schools’
- implementation of body mass index screenings optional.
- SB86 (Sawyer) Community School – DYS Adults: Permits the establishment of a community school to serve adults of school age who are incarcerated or who have been released from the custody of the Department of Youth Services, and declares an emergency.
House Finance and Appropriations Committee: The House Finance and Appropriations Committee, chaired by Representative Amstutz, will meet at 1:00 AM in hearing room 313 and receive testimony on HB153 Biennial Budget (Amstutz) from Randy Cole, Office of Budget and Management.
House Primary and Secondary Education Subcommittee: The House Primary and Secondary Education Subcommittee, chaired by Representative Carey, will meet at 6:00 PM in hearing room 114. The committee will receive testimony on HB153 (Amstutz) Biennial Budget.
House Health and Aging Retirement and Pensions Subcommittee: The House Health and Aging Retirement and Pensions Subcommittee, chaired by Representative Kirk Schuring, will meet at 7:00 PM in room 017 to receive testimony on HB69 (Wachtmann) State Retirement Systems.
House Commerce and Labor Committee: The House Commerce and Labor Committee has scheduled SB5, the collective bargaining bill, for amendments and a possible vote at 9:00 AM in Hearing Room 114.
WEDNESDAY, March 30, 2011
House Health and Aging, Retirement, and Pensions Subcommittee: The House Health and Aging Retirement and Pensions Subcommittee, chaired by Representative Kirk Schuring, will meet at 2:30 PM in room 113 to receive testimony on HB69 (Wachtmann) State Retirement Systems.
House Higher Education Subcommittee: The House Higher Education Subcommittee, chaired by Representative Gardner, will meet at 2:30 PM in hearing room 121. The subcommittee will receive testimony regarding HB153, the FY12-13 state budget, from the Capitol Square Review and Advisory Board, e-Tech Ohio Commission, Higher Education Facilities Commission, Ohioana Library Association, and Ohio Arts Council.
House Primary and Secondary Education Subcommittee: The House Primary and Secondary Education Subcommittee, chaired by Representative Carey, will meet at 2:30 PM in hearing room 116. The committee will receive testimony on HB153 (Amstutz) Biennial Budget from representatives of the Ohio Department of Education regarding standards, assessments, accountability, EMIS and longitudinal data systems, and supports for school districts.
House Education Committee: The House Education Committee, chaired by Representative Stebelton, will meet at 5:00 PM in hearing room 017. The committee will receive testimony on the following bills:
- HB139 (Mckenney) Northeastern Ohio Universities: Renames the Northeastern Ohio Universities Colleges of Medicine and Pharmacy as the Northeast Ohio Medical University and declares an emergency.
- -HB155 (Fedor)School Bullying Policies: Enacts the Jessica Logan Act to require that public school bullying policies prohibit bullying by electronic means and address certain acts that occur off school property and requires staff training on the bullying policy.
- HB157 (Schuring) Teacher Development on Dyslexia: Authorizes educational service centers to provide teacher professional development on dyslexia.
- HB116 (Barnes) School Anti-bullying Act: Enacts the School Day Security and Anti-Bullying Act to require age appropriate instruction on the parental notification of public schools’ policies prohibiting harassment, intimidation, or bullying.
THURSDAY, MARCH 31, 2011
House Primary and Secondary Education Subcommittee: The House Primary and Secondary Education Subcommittee, chaired by Representative Carey, will meet at 10:00 AM in hearing room 122, and will reconvene at 1:00 PM. The committee will receive testimony on HB153 (Amstutz) Biennial Budget regarding teacher licensure, community schools, and scholarship programs.
FRIDAY, APRIL 1, 2011
House Primary and Secondary Education Subcommittee (IF NEEDED) The House Primary and Secondary Education Subcommittee, chaired by Representative Carey, will meet at 10:00 AM in hearing room 114.
News from Washington, D.C.: First International Summit on Teaching: The International Summit on the Teaching Profession was held in New York on March 16-17, 2011. The summit was hosted by the U.S. Department of Education together with the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), Education International (EI) and U.S.-based organizations – National Education Association (NEA), the American Federation of Teachers (AFT), Council of Chief State School Officers (CCSSO), Asia Society, and WNET. The Summit welcomed representatives from sixteen countries and regions of the world, and marks the first time that education ministers, teachers, and union leaders convened to discuss best practices in building a world-class teaching force.
The topics discussed during the summit included Teacher Recruitment and Preparation; Development, Support, and Retention of Teachers; Teacher Evaluation and Compensation; and Teacher Engagement in Education Reform. A background paper, entitled “Building a High Quality Teaching Force” is available.
The Asia Society will facilitate the publication of a summary paper outlining discussions and issues on how to strengthen the teaching profession.
Response to the Summit: Linda Darling-Hammond, the Charles E. Ducommun Professor of Education at Stanford University, posted a blog entitled U.S. vs highest-achieving nations in education” on The Answer Sheet (Valerie Strauss/ Washington Post) on March 23, 2011 regarding the International Summit on Teaching.
In the blog Professor Darling-Hammond writes, “The first ever International Summit on Teaching, convened last week in New York City, showed perhaps more clearly than ever that the United States has been pursuing an approach to teaching almost diametrically opposed to that pursued by the highest-achieving nations.”
According to the blog, the summit provided example after example of how there is a growing “deprofessionalization of teaching” in America that is “out of step with the strategies by the world’s educational leaders”. For example, teachers in the U.S. often go into debt to prepare for a teaching position, which pays 60 percent of what other college graduates make, teachers in the U.S. who work for low wealth school districts often pay for student books and supplies, there is a trend in the U.S. to place untrained college graduates in classrooms to “learn on the job”.
Most teachers in the U.S. teach in isolation with no opportunity to collaborate with their colleagues, teachers in the U.S. often pay for their own professional development, there is a trend in the U.S. to ignore the advanced education degrees that teachers obtain when it comes to increased pay, and there is a trend in the U.S. to evaluate teachers based on student test scores.
Contrary to teaching in the U.S., teachers in other countries, are paid to pursue advanced degrees, in Singapore they earn as much as doctors, train with expert teachers and learn research-based teaching strategies, are supported in schools with mentors, and have 15 hours a week to work with mentors, work in equitably funded schools with the latest technology and materials, can pursue career ladders to become master teachers, curriculum specialists, and principals, work closely with unions, who work closely with their governments, “to further enrich teachers’ and school leaders’ learning opportunities” and are evaluated on how well they develop the whole child and contribute to each others’ efforts and to the welfare of the whole school.
According to the blog, “In these summit discussions, there was no teacher-bashing, no discussion of removing collective bargaining rights, no proposals for reducing preparation for teaching, no discussion of closing schools or firing bad teachers, and no proposals for ranking teachers based on their students’ test scores.”
Read the blog.
Budget Gap Projected at $7.7 billion: The Office of Budget and Management, Tim Keen director, released documents this past week describing how Governor Kasich and his administration defined the budget gap for FY12-13 and developed a biennial budget that would address a projected budget gap of $7.7 billion dollars.
On March 15, 2011 Governor Kasich introduced HB153 (Amstutz) The Jobs Budget. The proposed FY12-13 budget includes $59.3 billion in FY12 and $60.1 billion in FY13 for All Funds, and $26.8 in FY12 and $28.6 in FY13 for General Revenue Funds ($55.4 billion over two years).
The state’s budget deficit in FY12-13 was estimated last year to be between $8-$10 billion. According to the documents, the administration uses a variety of strategies to close a deficit determined to be $7.7 billion. These include the following: Medicaid Reform ($1.3 billion); agency spending changes ($1.8 billion); redirection of state revenue ($2.3 billion), which includes reductions in funds to local governments ($579 million), libraries
($127 million), and schools ($1.5 billion); revenue revisions ($793 million); and $1.49 billion in other changes, which includes the sale of prisons ($50 to $200 million), future profits from the state liquor sales directed to JobsOhio, and debt restructuring ($440 million).
New revenue accounts for $800 million in the new budget.
Budget Simulations for School Districts Available: The Office of Budget and Management, Tim Keen director, released on March 24, 2011 the following document and simulations showing the impact of the proposed state biennial budget (HB153 -Amstutz) on school district budgets:
- State Funding Explanation_03 24 2011: This document explains the temporary formula (referred to as the bridge formula) that is used to calculate state general aid to school districts. In FY12 a per pupil amount is adjusted by a per pupil State Fiscal Stabilization Fund (SFSF) factor and valuation per pupil factor, to account for the loss of the SFSF in FY12 and district wealth.
- FY12-13 School District Funding 03242011 _Sorted by county
- FY12-13 School District Funding 03242011 Sorted by VPP
These documents are available.
The documents show that state aid to school districts ($6.4 billion) decreases by $337 million in FY12 and increases by $181 million in FY13 ($6.5 billion). Approximately $170 million in additional state GRF funding is included, according to the State Funding Explanation.
A temporary formula is created in HB 153 (Amstutz) Biennial Budget this year to calculate state aid for school districts. This formula will be replaced next year by a new mechanism that will be based on school district performance and efficiency.
In FY12, HB153’s temporary formula would provide more funds to lower wealth school districts based on their valuation per pupil and the levels of federal stimulus funds (SFSF) that they received. These funds will not be replaced. As a result, 421 school districts in FY12 and 405 school districts in FY12 would receive increases in state aid. Six school districts lose state aid. (Cuyahoga Heights Local, Independence Local, Indian Hill Exempted Village, Orange City, Kelleys Island, and Put-in-Bay).
However, the simulations provided by the OBM address only foundation state aid and do not include the loss of federal stimulus dollars (SFSF), ($454 million in FY11 or 7 percent of school district budgets), or the loss of the reimbursement of the tangible personal property tax (TPP) and electric deregulation property tax ($970 million in FY11), if the phaseout of the reimbursements of revenue from these taxes is accelerated, as proposed in HB153.
On March 25, 2011 Innovation Ohio, Janetta King president, released their analysis of the budget simulations and determined that 610 of 613 school districts would lose funding in FY12 compared to FY11, and 599 school districts would lose funding in FY13 compared to FY12. Their analysis shows that between FY11-13 school districts would lose
$1.003 billion (18.1 percent), which includes state aid, federal stimulus funds, and lost reimbursements for TPP and electric deregulation property tax through HB153 (Amstutz).
The Innovation Ohio simulations are available.
Analysis of Tax Expenditures Released: Policy Matters Ohio released on March 25, 2011 a report entitled “$7 Billion in Ohio Tax Breaks, and Nobody’s Watching” by Zach Schiller. The report reviews The Jobs Budget’s tax expenditure report prepared by the Ohio Department of Taxation for the General Assembly and submitted to the General Assembly with the Kasich administration’s biennial budget recommendations. (The Tax Expenditure Blue Book is available at http://obm.ohio.gov/).
The report notes that more than $7 billion in tax revenue is foregone each year as a result of tax exemptions and credits, and there is no regular review by lawmakers of these expenditures to determine their usefulness. The number of tax expenditures has increased from 122 in FY10-11 to 128 in FY12-13. Most of the expenditures provide tax relief to businesses and tax relief for economic development. Sales tax exemptions account for $4.8 billion in FY12 and $5 billion in FY13, but there are also $456 million in credits against the Commercial Activity Tax (CAT). This relatively new tax (2005) replaced the unpopular corporate franchise tax and currently raises $1.47 billion in revenue. When it was approved by the General Assembly it was promoted as a broad-based tax applied to gross receipts from business activity in Ohio, and less likely to have tax exemptions applied to it.
The report also notes that no tax expenditures are targeted for elimination in the proposed biennial budget, HB153 (Amstutz), even though state funds for school districts and local governments are being cut. And, the recently approved Transportation Budget (HB114) includes even more tax expenditures that are not included in the tax expenditure report.
The Policy Matters report recommends the following:
- “The General Assembly should closely review the tax expenditure report, and reduce or eliminate unneeded loopholes. It should set a target – 10 percent of the $7.4 billion estimated for FY12 would make a good starting point – for temporary or permanent annual reductions as part of the FY12-FY13 budget. This could include reductions in tax credits, as other states have undertaken.”
- “The General Assembly should set up a schedule to review all tax expenditures on a permanent basis. The purpose of each of the 128 tax expenditures identified in the report should be spelled out, so that the review can determine whether that purpose is being met. New tax expenditures should have automatic sunsets, so they only continue after their worth has been proven.”
The report is available.
Pay for Performance: A March 22, 2011 opinion blog in Education Week entitled “Why pay-for-performance models do not work in education” by Justin Baeder, examines the rationale behind the push in many states, including Ohio, to pay teachers for performance.
The author summarizes a study published in 2007 by Aaron Schmidt and Richard DeShon in the Journal of Applied Psychology about how people prioritize activities to achieve goals when resources are limited, and how incentives can be used to motivate people. The researchers also found that when incentives are applied, the goals with incentives were achieved at the expense of other goals without incentives, resulting in some unintended consequences.
The author reviews these results and concludes that because teaching is a highly complex activity that requires teachers to achieve multiple-competing goals at the same time, with limited resources, a pay for performance system would not work, and would lead to unintended consequences. The blog is available.
Disconnect between policy and research: A March 8, 2011 Hechinger Report Edblog entitled “Do education policies ignore the facts?” by Sarah Garland notes that research studies on many education reform initiatives, such as class size, merit pay/incentives, charter schools, and even the value of Kindergarten and early childhood education, are being ignored as some policy-makers rationalize state budget cuts in education. Read more.
- HB173 (Gonzales) School Body Mass Screenings: Makes implementation of body mass screenings at schools optional.
- SB127 (Schiavoni) School Bullying Policies: Enacts the “Jessica Logan Act” to require that public school bullying policies prohibit bullying by electronic means, addresses certain acts that occur off school property, and requires staff training on the bullying policy.
- SB128 (Faber) Special Education Scholarship Program: Replaces the Educational Choice and the Cleveland Scholarship programs with the Parental Choice and Taxpayer Savings Scholarship Program and establishes the Special Educational Scholarship Program.
The OhioDance Festival: Registration is now open for The OhioDance Festival and Conference, which will be held on April 29 – May 1, 2011, at BalletMet, 322 Mt. Vernon Ave., Columbus, OH 43215.
The OhioDance Festival, “DANCE MATTERS: Communities in Motion” is an annual statewide celebration of dance through classes, workshops, discussions, and performance, co-sponsored by BalletMet and OhioDance. The three-day festival will offer over 40 sessions, representing contemporary, ballet, jazz, tap, social dance, and world dance forms, and a dance educators’ forum on careers, wellness, the web and more.
BalletMet’s artistic director, Gerard Charles, and Shadowbox CEO and executive producer, Stev Guyer in collaboration with costume director Rebecca Turk, will discuss 7 Deadly Sins.
Events begin on Friday, April 29, 2011 at 4:00 PM, Saturday, April 30, 2011 at 9:00 AM and Sunday, May 1, 2011 at 10:00 AM.
The Showcase will be held on Saturday, April 30, 2011 with an awards presentation at 6:30 PM and a performance at 7:00 PM in BalletMet’s Performance Space.
Award recipients include Gerard Charles, artistic director of BalletMet, who will receive the award for outstanding contributions to the advancement of the dance art form, and Karen Bell, formerly OSU Dean of the College of the Arts, who will receive the award for outstanding contributions to the advancement of dance education.
This event is supported by GCAC, the Ohio Arts Council, BalletMet Columbus, Capezio, Inc., BalletMakers Dance Foundation, and NiSource.
For more information please contact Jane D’Angelo at 614-224-2913 or firstname.lastname@example.org, or http://www.ohiodance.org/festival.php
Highlights of NEA Survey: The National Endowment for the Arts, Rocco Landesman chair, released on February 24, 2011 the results of the “2008 Survey of Public Participation in the Arts” (SPPA). The SPPA is the nation’s largest and most representative periodic study of adult participation in arts events and activities. It has been conducted by the NEA in partnership with the U.S. Census Bureau five times since 1982. The results of a 2012 survey will be released in 2013.
To obtain a more accurate picture of arts engagement in this technological and web-based world, the NEA invited Nick Rabkin and E.C. Hedberg of NORC, University of Chicago; Mark J. Stern of the University of Pennsylvania; and Jennifer L. Novak-Leonard and Alan S. Brown of the research firm WolfBrown, to examine the 2008 survey results in more detail. Their findings are published in three separate reports that confirm the importance of arts education for students, support a more expansive system to measure arts participation, and “challenge the notion of the “graying” of arts audiences.”
The three reports are entitled:
- Arts Education in America: What the declines mean for arts participation by Nick Rabkin and E.C. Hedberg
- Beyond Attendance: A multi-modal understanding of arts participation by Jennifer L. Novak-Leonard and Alan S. Brown -Age and Arts Participation: A case against demographic destiny by Mark J. Stern.
Highlights of the 2008 SPPA: According to the 2008 survey results, 75 percent of adults attended arts activities, created art, or engaged with art via electronic media. This is more than twice the share of adults (34.6 percent) who attended “benchmark” arts events such jazz or classical music concerts, opera, plays, ballet, or who visited art museums or galleries.
- The highest rates of participation via electronic media–including mobile devices and the Internet–were reported for classical music (18 percent), Latin music (15 percent), and programs about the visual and literary arts (15 percent each).
- In 2008, 24 percent of U.S. adults attended a music, theater, or dance performance at a school, and 19 percent attended such a performance at a religious institution. These percentages are among the highest rates of attendance for any arts activity captured by the 2008 SPPA.
- Nearly one-third of all American adults (30 percent or 67 million) both attended and created or performed art in the 2008 survey (down from 42 percent in 1992). The percentage of adults who only attend or only create art has remained relatively stable across survey years.
- There is a strong link between creating and attending art. Adults who attended a dance performance reported the overall highest rate of creative participation (80 percent) in any artistic discipline. Eighty-one percent of people who engaged in creative writing also read literature, and 60 percent of Americans who created visual art or acted in a play also attended an art museum or gallery, or a theater performance, respectively.
- In addition to reporting higher arts-attendance rates, those who receive arts education as a child are more likely to create or perform art, engage with the arts via media, and take art classes as an adult.
- In 1982, nearly two-thirds of 18-year-olds reported taking art classes in their childhood. By 2008, that share had dropped below one-half (2.6 million), a decline of 23 percent.
- Declines in childhood arts education from 1982 to 2008 are much higher among African American and Hispanic children than among white children. In that time frame, there was a 49 percent drop for African Americans, and a 40 percent drop for Hispanic children, compared with a statistically insignificant decline for white children.
The 2008 SPPA results and the detailed reports are available at http://www.nea.gov/
Target Arts and Culture in Schools Grants: The Target Arts and Culture in Schools Grants help schools and nonprofits to bring arts and cultural experiences directly to K-12 students to expand creativity. The arts programs must have a curriculum component. The maximum award is $2,000. Schools and nonprofit organizations are eligible. The deadline to apply is April 30, 2011. More information is available.