128th General Assembly: The Ohio House and Senate will hold committee hearings and sessions this week.
House Democrats are expected to unveil a substitute version of HB1 (Sykes), the proposed fiscal year 2010-2011 budget, on April 21, 2009 when the House Finance and Appropriations Committee, chaired by Representative Sykes, meets at 1:30 PM in hearing room 313. On April 16, 2009 House Speaker Armond Budish, Representative Stephen Dyer, chair of the Primary and Secondary Subcommittee, and Bill Phillis, executive director of the Ohio Coalition for Equity and Adequacy, released information about the proposed changes for HB1 related to education. (Please see #2 below for details.)
Hearings on Sub. HB1 will continue during this week in the House Finance and Appropriations Committee, with a committee vote expected next week. Hearings will be held on human services and higher education on Wednesday, April 22, 2009 at 9:30 AM. Primary and secondary education will be the focus of committee hearings on Thursday, April 23, 2009 at 9:30 AM. These hearings are in room 313.
The Senate Finance and Financial Institutions Committee, chaired by Senator Carey, and the Senate Education Committee, chaired by Senator Cates, will continue hearings on Sub. HB1 this week.
The Senate Finance Committee will meet during the week to hear testimony from a variety of government departments and agencies. On Thursday, April 23, 2009, the Ohio Historical Society is scheduled to present information about its budget starting at 9:30AM, and the Ohio Arts Council and the Cultural Facilities Commission will present in the afternoon. Hearings will take place in the Senate Finance Hearing room.
The Senate Education Committee, chaired by Senator Cates (614-466-8072), will meet in the North Hearing room at 2:30 PM or after session on April 21 and 22, and if need on April 23, 2009 at 9:30 AM. The committee will hear testimony on Sub. HB1 regarding charter schools, e-schools, and school choice, and consider the Governor’s appointments of Noah Daniel Green, Dennis Reardon, and Tracey Smith to the State Board of Education.
The House Education Committee, chaired by Representative Williams (614-644-5085), will meet on Tuesday, April 21, 2009 at 2:00 PM in hearing Room 017 to hear testimony on HB19 (Harwood), which requires school districts to adopt a dating violence policy and to include dating violence education within the health education curriculum.
*The Ohio Ballot Board certified a proposed constitutional amendment that would allow casinos to be built in Cleveland, Cincinnati, Columbus and Toledo. Proponents now must collect 402,300 signatures by July 1, 2009 to place the amendment before the voters on November 3, 2009.
2) HB1 Changes Released: House Speaker Armond Budish, Representative Stephen Dyer, chair of the Primary and Secondary Subcommittee, and Bill Phillis, executive director of the Coalition for Equity and Adequacy of School Funding, held a press conference on April 16, 2009 outlining the changes related to primary and secondary education proposed for Sub. HB1 (Sykes). Hearings on Sub. HB1, the FY10-11 budget, are being held by the House Finance and Appropriations Committee, chaired by Representative Sykes. Amendments to Sub. HB1 are expected to be included in a substitute bill, which the House Finance and Appropriations Committee will consider on Tuesday, April 21, 2009.
During the press conference Speaker Budish personally thanked members of his staff, several members of the Ohio House, the Governor’s Office, the Ohio Department of Education, the Office of Budget and Management, and the Legislative Service Commission (LSC), for their assistance in reworking HB1. The Speaker noted that the LSC had provided “non-partisan and independent assistance” throughout this revision process.
According to Speaker Budish, the current school funding system has been broken and unconstitutional for years. Governor Strickland proposed a bold, comprehensive, and transformative plan to overhaul education and school funding in Ohio through HB1 as introduced. The members of the House Finance and Appropriations Committee and House Subcommittee on Primary and Secondary Education listened to over 320 witnesses, who raised questions and identified issues that needed to be addressed. As a result, members of the House subcommittee have reviewed the evidence, de-constructed the plan, and now propose multiple changes for the education reform and funding plan included in HB1. Speaker Budish noted, “We do not stand here today and claim perfection, but it is better than the plan that came to us, and far better than the status quo.”
Bill Phillis provided a history lesson about why the current system is unconstitutional, and thanked the Governor and House leadership “…..for making public education the highest priority and for their due diligence in developing a new funding system.” According to his statement, “This new school funding system will rise to the noble standard of “thorough and efficient” for all students as the plan is further perfected by the work of the School Funding Research Advisory Council and is fully phased in. The current recession is a substantial obstacle in the way of an expeditious resolution to the constitutional issue; however, with this plan, the structure is in place to put Ohio on track for constitutional compliance.”
Representative Dyer, chair of the Primary and Secondary Education Subcommittee, reviewed the proposed changes for education in HB1, and noted, “In an almost unprecedented move, the Legislative Service Commission, the Office of Budget and Management and the Ohio Department of Education agree that this plan will meet the federal maintenance of effort requirement in the stimulus bill.”
The following changes are proposed for HB1, and will be included in a substitute bill, which the House Finance and Appropriations will consider on April 21, 2009:
THE FUNDING MODEL
The changes proposed adjust the Evidence-Based Model (EBM) proposed by Governor Strickland to address several issues raised by education stakeholders and the public. Poorer districts will receive more support, and the average state share for education will increase from 50 percent to 61 percent, when the plan is fully implemented in ten years. If fully funded in 2010, for example, funding for primary and secondary education would increase to $8.5 billion in FY10 and $8.6 billion in FY11 (fully funded).
Under the proposed phased-in model, total state funding for schools will increase 0.6 percent in FY10 to $5.98 billion and decrease 0.4 percent in FY11 to $5.97 billion. School districts will also receive approximately $922 million in federal funds through the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act, bringing the total revenue available to schools to $6.35 billion in FY10, and $6.32 billion in FY11.
When the new funding plan is fully phased-in, school districts in the lowest wealth quintile will receive 80 percent of their funding from the state, and school districts in the wealthiest quintile will receive 30.8 percent of their funding from the state. The state average for state support would be 61.6 percent.
-Federal Stimulus Funds: Separates Title 1 and IDEA funds (approximately $922 million) from the GRF and places them in Special Revenue Funds category to clearly delineate the state and federal resources provided to each district.
-Educational Challenge Factor: Upgrades the Governor’s Instructional Quality Index, which has been renamed the Educational Challenge Factor (ECF); places greater weight on property wealth; and applies the index to additional parts of the OEBM (tutors, summer remediation and enrichment funds). The index will range from .7 to 1.66.
-Rural Districts: Lowers the minimum district size and guarantees a principal for every school in rural districts.
-Teacher Salary: Increases the base teacher salary to $49,914, based on median school district salary levels, and adds 14 percent for benefits.
-District Administration: Creates an administration factor to provide districts with flexibility in central office staffing.
-Ten Year Phase-In: Extends the timeline for implementation from 8 to 10 years to provide districts adequate time to adjust.
-Phase Down the Charge-Off: Phases-down the charge-off from 23 to 20 mills over six years, to counter the windfall that wealthier districts would have received with the lower charge-off rate.
According to Pari Sabety, director of the Office of Budget and Management, reducing the chargeoff to 20 mills in FY10 would cost the state $300 million and $400 million in FY11. Phasing-down the charge-off therefore makes available more state dollars to redistribute to poorer school districts.
-Teacher Ratio: Phases-in the student/teacher ratio for grades K-3, from 19:1 for the first two years to 15:1 over six years, to avoid teacher shortages and ensure adequate school facilities. Also, the student/teacher ratio is not a mandated class size, but rather a guideline for overall staff levels.
-Additional Days: Maintains the eventual goal of extending the school year, but eliminates five calamity days in the short run rather than adding extra required days. This allows the School Funding Research and Advisory Council time to recommend the most effective way to use extra days.
-Transportation Supplement: Provides a transportation supplement for low wealth and low density districts to ease the transition to a new transportation formula, and provides resources to districts during the phase-in.
-Funding Guarantees: Ensures that every district receives as much state support as in 2009, and at least 98 percent of 2010 funding in 2011.
IMPLEMENTATION WITH FLEXIBILITY AND ACCOUNTABILITY
The proposed changes provide the most flexibility to academically successful districts, while directing low-performing districts to make key reforms.
-Core Academic Strategies: Requires the Ohio Department of Education to identify fundamental reforms that will be expected of every district and are most needed to transition to a 21st Century system of education. These reforms will be coupled with the funding to implement them.
-Academic Improvement Factors: Requires that certain components, those that are shown to most dramatically increase student achievement, such as one-on-one tutoring, be required of districts who are rated as academic watch or emergency for two consecutive years.
-Reasonable Timeline: Requires the State Superintendent to establish a reasonable timeline for implementation of the education reforms through the ODE’s strategic plan. No reforms will be required of districts in the first year. The transition will include an ongoing dialogue among state and local leaders and stakeholder groups to ensure that it is as fair and effective as possible.
-FACT Form: Requires the development of a Formula Accountability and Transparency (FACT) form, which will be an accessible report that compares actual district expenditures to the expenditures predicted by the OEBM. It will hold school districts to public accountability for how they spend resources.
-School Funding Research and Advisory Council: Designates the School Funding Research and Advisory Council to be a forum of education leaders in Ohio, with a specific mandate to investigate questions arising from a brand new funding system, and to present research-based options to the General Assembly. The Council will be staffed jointly by the Center for Creativity and Innovation and the Office of School Resource Management at the ODE. A member from the Ohio Academy of Sciences and a member from the philanthropic community will be added to the members proposed in the Governor’s plan as introduced.
ADDRESSING ADDITIONAL EDUCATIONAL PROGRAMS -Special Education: Corrects the weights that are used in the special education formula, and restores special education programs like Parent Mentors and School Psychologist Interns.
-Gifted Education: Provides funding for identification, coordinators, and intervention specialists for gifted. There will also be additional enrichment funds for activities, field trips, and opportunities to districts with the greatest need. Also restores funding for Educational Service Center gifted units.
-Career Tech and Educational Service Centers: Funds career tech education and joint vocational school education in the same manner, by providing 1.9 percent increases in addition to current funding levels.
-Educational Service Centers: Restores ESCs to 2009 funding levels.
-Charter Schools (Community Schools): Provides financial incentives and requires transparency to ensure that high-performing charter schools succeed. Removes the provision in HB1 regarding for-profit charter schools, but tightens standards. Charter schools will benefit from the Education Challenge Factor, and receive federal stimulus Title 1 and IDEA dollars in addition to state funds. The Governor’s plan for funding e-schools is retained.
Establishes a subcommittee of the School Funding Research and Advisory Council on Public Charter/Traditional Public School Collaboration and Innovation, which will offer recommendations for how Ohio’s charter school administrative and funding systems can be further reformed to better incentivize innovation and collaboration with traditional public schools.
Governor Strickland Responds to Proposed Changes in HB1: Governor Strickland issued a press release on April 16, 2009 in support of the proposed improvements to the education and school funding reform plan included in Sub. HB1 (Sykes) recommended by House leadership, and released to the public on April 16, 2009.
According to the release, “The House has taken the next step toward creating a constitutional system of education that will provide our children with the skills and education they need to be successful in a 21st century economy. Working together, I have faith in the people of Ohio that we can accomplish these worthy goals. Now more than ever, investing in educational reforms is the surest path to prosperity for our great state and the people of Ohio.”
The full press release is available at
Senate Education Committee Hears Testimony on HB1: The Senate Education Committee, chaired by Senator Cates, met twice last week to hear testimony on Sub. HB1 (Sykes), the FY10-11 state budget.
On April 13, 2009 the committee heard from several charter school parents, students participating in gifted education programs, and advocates for gifted education, early childhood education, and special education.
-Pat Cloppert, president of the governing board for the Ohio Coalition for the Education of Children with Disabilities (OCECD), explained that the current system for funding special education has been underfunded for years, and that the Coalition believes that an updated, fully funded, and cost-based special education funding methodology is the right approach for Ohio. The proposed model included in HB1 is complicated and confusing, and does not use or apply correctly the correct special education funding weights. The use of one-time federal funds will also create a sustainability problem in the future. HB1 also does not include funding for the Parent Mentor Program and School Psychologist Intern Program. Both programs should be restored.
-Diane Bennett, CEO for Action for Children, testified that a comprehensive approach is needed for preK education that addresses the child, family, teacher, and the community. Advocates for early childhood education are concerned that Sub. HB1 (Sykes) includes a 33 percent reduction in the spaces (12,000 reduced to 8000) in the Early Literacy Initiative, and changes the definitions of full-time (25 hours to 35 hours), part-time, and hourly rates of care. These changes will increase the cost of providing the services to families, and could actually reduce access for low income families to child care, if child care facilities are closed due to increased costs.
-Leanne Ross, Fairfield Educational Service Center, explained how the proposed funding system for gifted included in Sub. HB1, would not provide sufficient funds to support a teacher and coordinator for gifted education. For example, the $25 per student that is recommended would only provide $25,000 for a school district with 1000 students. This amount is not even enough to hire a teacher.
-Patricia Gillespie of the Miami County Educational Service Center explained how some school districts were providing services for gifted students with dramatically low levels of funding. She requested that funding be restored for the Ohio Summer Honors Institute, the Martin W. Essex School for Gifted, and Educational Service Centers.
-Misty Swanger, gifted coordinator for Delaware City Schools, explained that gifted students are not identified as a separate subgroup through the No Child Left Behind Act. School districts often do not count how well gifted students are progressing until they are needed to raise the school district’s Performance Index score.
Many witnesses were unable to testify due to time constraints, and Senator Cates invited them to testify at a later date.
*On April 15, 2009 the Senate Education Committee heard information about developing state academic standards from Sandra Stotsky, professor of education reform at the University of Arkansas, and former senior associate commissioner at the Massachusetts Department of Education.
Professor Stotsky described how Massachusetts revised their preK through grade 12 academic content standards and teacher and administrator preparation and training, and as a result increased student achievement on national and international assessments. She emphasized the importance of including intellectual content rather than skills and strategies in state academic standards; the importance of consulting experts in subject matter in the development of academic content standards; and the importance of embedding the academic knowledge base in the teacher licensure regulations, teacher licensure tests, and the criteria for professional development.
According her testimony, Ohio’s academic content standards are “…mediocre at best”. Most of the state standards that she has reviewed are “cluttered” with statements on pedagogical skills, processes, and strategies. She believes that teachers and students must have clear content standards in order to learn. Skills, such as critical thinking, will develop with the deeper understanding of the content.
To revise content standards, she recommends avoiding a huge grassroots process involving hundreds of stakeholders. Instead, a targeted and focused review of the current standards should be conducted, and components that address skills, learning processes, and strategies eliminated. This review should include information about national and international research on standards, and feedback from the Governor, State Board of Education, lawmakers, teachers, parents, and the public through an online survey. A small group appointed by the State Superintendent of Instruction should be appointed to be in charge of the drafting process. Experts in the content areas should be consulted to determine the content students need to know in subject areas. Teachers also have an important role, and should be consulted to assess the developmental levels, grade-level placement, and impact on teaching load. District superintendents should be consulted to assess overall grade placement and identify other concerns. The final draft should be made available for public comment and expert evaluation.
The committee also heard testimony from the Ohio Grantmakers Forum (OGF) regarding a report that they released in January 2009 called “Beyond Tinkering: Creating Real Opportunities for Today’s Learners and for Generations of Ohioans to Come”. Testifying about the report were George Espy, president; Ann Mullins, senior program officer for the George Gund Foundation; and Helen Williams, education program director for the Cleveland Foundation.
The presenters shared a comparison of the recommendations included in the report and the evidence-based model (EBM) proposed by Governor Strickland. According to their testimony, many of the recommendations of the report are included in some way in the EBM. Among the several recommendations presented in their testimony, they suggested that the education reform included in HB1 place more emphasis on end of course exams, and the requirements for high school graduation be weighted so that student achievement of academic content is given higher priority than completing a service learning project.
State Board of Education Meeting: The State Board of Education (SBE), Jennifer Sheets president, met on April 13-14, 2009 at the Ohio School for the Deaf, 500 Morse Road, Columbus, OH.
MEETINGS ON APRIL 13, 2009
*The Advocacy and Outreach Subcommittee, co-chaired by John Bender and Carl Wick, met to discuss the charge and work of the subcommittee. Information was shared with the committee about the work of the EDGE Subcommittee and its Top Ten recommendations for making Ohio’s education system world class; the role of the SBE’s legislative liaisons; and a media tool kit. Members discussed strategies to engage the members of the General Assembly and education stakeholders (OSBA and BASA) in policy discussions about education with the State Board. Some members suggested moving at least some State Board meetings downtown to be closer to the General Assembly. It was also suggested that the SBE continue to make connections with the business community, and use the latest technology to communicate.
*The Achievement Committee, chaired by Ann Womer-Benjamin, heard an update on Financial Literacy, a presentation on the NASBE Grant for High School Reform, and an update on the development of benchmarks and indicators for Physical Education Standards.
A Board member suggested that the introduction to the report on financial literacy may be misleading, because it may portray this work as a way to solve the national banking crisis, which it is not.
Some members also suggested that other stakeholders should be contacted and involved in developing information about teaching financial literacy.
Carl Wick provided an update on the NASBE and Council of Chief State School Officers’ High School Redesign Initiative – Leadership Policy Grant, which is a $10,000 grant, which the ODE received, and is funded by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. The purpose of the grant is to help states align policies and initiatives to turn-around low and under-performing high schools. The funds will be used to assess policies, initiatives, and infrastructure, establish partnerships, and design policies for Ohio. High Schools that Work and the Ohio Improvement Model will be used as a framework for building a pilot project.
Board members noted that funding for High Schools that Work is being reduced, and output metrics must be included to show results.
There was also a presentation on a draft of the proposed Physical Education Academic Content Standards, benchmarks, and indicators, which are required through Am. HB 119 – 127th General Assembly. Board members raised questions about graduation requirements for physical education, and waivers for physical education for students participating in cheerleading, band, and sports. There was a suggestion that information about the importance of nutrition be added to the standards, and groups such as Action for Healthy Kids be involved in the development of the standards.
The Capacity Committee, chaired by Rob Hovis, discussed rules for employee/applicant rehabilitation standards and pupil activity programs.
The State Board conducted a Chapter 119 Hearing on the following proposed rules:
*Rule 3301-18-01, Calculation of Student Attendance *Rule 3301-29-01, Community School EMIS *Rule 3301-61-03, Criteria for Secondary Workforce Development Program *Rule 3301-61-18, criteria for career based intervention/family and consumer studies programs, and to adopt new Rules 3301-61-04, Criteria for Family and Consumer Sciences Programs and 3301-61-05, Criteria for Career Based Intervention *Rule 3301-68-01, Criteria for Career Development Programs *Rules 3301-73-01 to -06, -08 to -10, -13, -16, -20 to -26, Professional Conduct
MEETING ON TUESDAY, APRIL 13, 2009
The State Board of Education held its business meeting on April 14, 2009. Following an executive session, the Board heard the report of the Superintendent of Public Instruction, Deborah Delisle, discussed legislative issues, and took action on thirteen personnel items, and the resolutions included below. The Board then adjourned. The next SBE meeting will be held on May 11-12, 2009 at the Ohio School for the Deaf.
SBE BUSINESS AGENDA
*Approved a Resolution to amend OAC Rule 3301-14-01 for the operation of the Education Management Information System *Approved a Resolution to amend OAC Rule Rules 3301-19-01 and -03, Expenditure Flow Reports *Approved a Resolution to rescind and adopt Rules 3301-21-05 to -07, Preparing Teachers for Associate Licensure.
* Approved a Resolution to appoint Andrea Titkin-Fanti to the State Library Board.
* Approved a Motion for the State Board of Education to declare its support for the concept of interactive distance learning, commended Representative Phillips and Representative Garrison for their active interest in this topic, and encouraged them to revise House Bill 4 to provide greater flexibility for schools in methods of instructional delivery.
* Approved a Motion to take a proponent position on Substitute Senate Bill 59 (Fedor), which establishes standards for K-12 health education in public schools, and creates the Office of Healthy Schools within the Department of Education.
ODE Seeking Participants for Standards Revision Process: The Ohio Department of Education issued an invitation for teachers and curriculum directors to participate in a June 30, 2009 planning meeting in Columbus regarding the upcoming revision process for Ohio’s Academic Content Standards. The standards that will be revised include those for English language arts, mathematics, science, and social studies. The State Board of Education’s EDGE committee recommended that state academic content standards be reviewed and aligned to international standards and blend core content with skills for the 21st Century. The timeline calls for standards for English language arts, mathematics, science and social studies to be revised by June 2010, and standards for fine arts, computer literacy, wellness literacy, financial literacy/entrepreneurship, and world languages to be revised by June 2011. Sub. HB1 (Sykes), the FY10-11 budget, now being debated in the Ohio House, also calls for state academic content standards to be revised.
According to a report on the standards revision process presented to the March 2009 meeting of the State Board of Education’s Achievement Committee, teams from ODE’s Office of Curriculum and Instruction have been reviewing best practices, current work in Ohio and other states, and international benchmarking in mathematics and science in preparation for revising Ohio’s academic content standards. According to an analysis, Ohio’s current academic content standards cover too many topics and should be compressed. Ohio’s standards should also prepare students for college and careers, rather than serve as an exit document.
The revision process will be split into two parts: grades K-8 and 9-12. The K-8 standards will have clear vertical articulation and be accompanied by instructional guides. The 9-12 standards will be reflected in course syllabi, and be accompanied by end of course exams. The 9-12 standards will also align to college readiness expectations set by the Ohio Board of Regents.
Experts will be invited to assist the ODE staff in drafting the revisions, which will then be presented to content experts and stakeholder groups for review and critique.
During the planning meeting, participants will discuss the revision process, review staff findings and suggestions, and offer advice based on their real-world teaching experiences. Those wishing to participate must register by May 15, 2009
SB111 (Stewart) Personal Property Tax Loss: Makes permanent the temporary reimbursements for local government and school district tangible personal property tax losses,
*Summer Institute for Teachers in the Humanities: Kent State University (KSU) Department of History and the KSU Performing Arts Library will present on June 21-26, 2009 a Jazz and the American Century Summer Institute for teachers. The Institute will be held at the Kent State Library in room 334. Participants may register for Jazz and the American Century to earn three hours of graduate credit.
The institute alone is free. The cost for graduate credit is $454, and the cost for housing and graduate credit is $638.
The Jazz and the American Century Summer Institute will introduce participants to concepts and ideas regarding popular music as primary source documents. Participants will engage in discussions about bringing jazz into their classrooms to enhance student engagement and how it interconnects with humanities. Presentations will be made by resident scholars, and the course includes a visit to the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.
The course will include discussion of the previous day’s presentations, followed by a new assignment, lecture, or film. After lunch, participants will regroup for continued presentations, discussions, and research and design opportunities. Evenings will be reserved for reading and other activities, except for Thursday evening, when a night out to hear live jazz will be featured. By the end of the week, each teacher will be ready to present how the information garnered could be integrated into a classroom lesson, objective, or in-service for teachers.
Ohio Youth Art Exhibition: The 39th Ohio Governor’s Youth Art Exhibition opened Sunday, April 19, with 300 outstanding student works of art on display in downtown Columbus. The majority of the art is showcased on the first floor of the Rhodes State Office Tower, with cameo exhibits throughout the Ohio Department of Education and the office of Governor Ted Strickland. This extraordinary exhibition celebrates the creative imaginations of our state’s high school students, and reflects the outstanding quality of art educators and their arts programs.
The 300 works were selected from 13,500 entries by a panel of art professionals and represent 15 regions across the state. The annual exhibition is a cooperative effort between the Governor, the Ohio Department of Education, universities, colleges and corporate sponsors.
The exhibition runs from April 19 to May 14.
Secretary of State’s Website Features a Celebration of the Arts: Please visit the web site of Jennifer Brunner, Ohio Secretary of State, to learn more about Jazz Appreciation Month in Ohio and other opportunities to experience the arts in Ohio.
According to Secretary Brunner, “April marks the celebration of Jazz Appreciation Month as well as National Poetry Month in the United States, making it an ideal time to honor more than 52,000 Ohioans working as artists, or in arts-related jobs whose work, arguably, is under-experienced and under-appreciated.”
Secretary Brunner goes on to say that with increased support from public and private sources, Ohio could encourage the development of more artists, such as John Legend, Doris Day, Toni Morrison, Kathleen Battle, and Maya Lin — all Ohio artists.
The arts play an important role in our society. According to Secretary Brunner, “We all must do our share to champion this growth. Encourage your child to join a school band or choir; enroll yourself in a painting or drawing class with a local artists’ group; spend your Saturday at an art museum; turn off the TV and take a friend to the ballet; and by all means, enjoy the multitude of free community arts festivals around Ohio this summer.”
This update is written weekly by Joan Platz, Information Coordinator for the Ohio Alliance for Arts Education. The purpose of the update is to keep arts education advocates informed about issues dealing with the arts, education, policy, research, and opportunities. The distribution of this information is made possible through the generous support of the Ohio Music Education Association (www.omea-ohio.org), Ohio Art Education Association (www.oaea.org), Ohio Educational Theatre Association (www.Ohioedta.org); OhioDance (www.ohiodance.org), and the Ohio Alliance for Arts Education (www.OAAE.net).